Ka'idoji goma don ƙarfafa lafiyar duniya
Ka'idoji goma don ƙarfafa lafiyar duniya
Anonim

Ka'idoji goma na jagora don ƙarfafa dabarun kiwon lafiya na duniya da sakamako an ƙirƙira su ta wani farfesa na Makarantar Yale na Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a da sauran masana.

Ƙarfafa tsarin kiwon lafiya (HSS) wata hanya ce mai fa'ida wacce ke magance abubuwan da ke haifar da matsalolin lafiya, kamar mace-macen mata masu juna biyu, kuma muhimmin al'amari ne na muradun Ƙarni na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya don inganta sakamakon kiwon lafiya na duniya. Duk da tasirin tsarin HSS, akwai ƙarancin ka'idoji da ma'anoni da aka sani da su a tsakanin ƙwararrun kiwon lafiya na duniya, waɗanda ke hana tasirin shirye-shiryen kiwon lafiya, manufofi da gudanarwa.

Manufar ita ce a samar da ka'idojin jagora a cikin sanarwar yarjejeniya ta shugabannin kiwon lafiya na duniya 11 daga kasashe shida - don zama harshen gama gari don ci gaban kiwon lafiyar duniya da tsare-tsare na gaba. An tsara ka'idodin ƙungiyar don saduwa da bukatun yankuna daban-daban, al'adu da yanayin tattalin arziki.

"Ƙarfafa tsarin kiwon lafiya ya zama abin kamawa, don haka samun wasu ƙa'idodin jagora yana da mahimmanci don jagorantar waɗannan ƙoƙarin," in ji Elizabeth Bradley, farfesa a Yale kuma daya daga cikin mawallafin takarda da ke bayyana a cikin PLoS Medicine. "Ka'idodin gama gari da ma'anoni na iya taimakawa filin don daidaita waɗannan yunƙuri daban-daban da kyau kuma a ƙarshe ya zama mafi inganci tare da ƙoƙarin kiwon lafiyar duniya."

Ka'idojin jagora guda goma su ne:

1) Holism- Yi la'akari da duk sassan tsarin, matakai, da alaƙa a lokaci guda.

2) Magana- Yi la'akari da al'adu da siyasa na duniya, ƙasa, yanki, da yanki.

3) Tattaunawar zamantakewa-Tattara da bayar da shawarwari ga canjin zamantakewa da siyasa don ƙarfafa tsarin kiwon lafiya da magance ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun zamantakewa na kiwon lafiya.

4) Haɗin kai– Haɓaka haɗin gwiwa na dogon lokaci, daidaito, da mutuntawa tsakanin masu ba da tallafi da masu karɓa a cikin sashin lafiya da sauran sassa.

5) Inganta iya aiki- Haɓaka iyawa da ikon mallaka a kowane matakai, daga daidaikun mutane da gidaje zuwa ma'aikatun lafiya, gami da jagoranci, gudanarwa, ƙarfafa hukumomi da warware matsalolin.

6) Nagarta– Rage almubazzaranci da ware kudade a inda ake buqatar su.

7) Ayyukan da aka ba da shaida- Yi yanke shawara, a duk lokacin da zai yiwu, bisa ga shaida da tabbatar da gaskiya da rikon amana.

8) Daidaito– Nuna wa waɗanda aka hana.

9) Kariyar kudi- Tabbatar da cewa hanyoyin samar da kudade suna da tsinkaya.

10) Gamsuwa– Amsa buƙatu da damuwar duk masu ruwa da tsaki.

A Yale, ana aiwatar da tsare-tsare daban-daban don inganta sakamakon kiwon lafiyar duniya, ciki har da Cibiyar Shugabancin Kiwon Lafiya ta Duniya, wanda ke gudanar da taron shekara-shekara kuma yana aiki kai tsaye tare da kwararrun masana kiwon lafiya don gina jagoranci, gudanarwa, da ayyukan warware matsalolin da aka tsara kan abubuwan da suka fi dacewa da kasa. "Ayyukanmu ya yi daidai da ka'ida #5 a cikin ƙarfafa tsarin kiwon lafiya kuma yana da mahimmanci don samun ci gaban kiwon lafiya," in ji Michael Skonieczny, babban darektan Cibiyar Shugabancin Lafiya ta Duniya ta Yale.

Bugu da ƙari, Bradley, marubuta daga Jami'ar Brigham Young, Ƙungiyar QED, Cibiyar Karolinska, Cibiyar Harkokin Kiwon Lafiyar Harkokin Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a, Ma'aikatar Lafiya a Ghana, Cibiyar Harkokin Kiwon Lafiyar Mata da Yara a Italiya, EntrePaducah, Cibiyar Harkokin Kiwon Lafiyar Harkokin Kiwon Lafiya da Cibiyar Nazarin Yawan jama'a da Sashen Nazarin Cututtuka da Magungunan Jama'a na Ottawa sun ba da gudummawa ga takardar.

Shahararren taken