Shawarwari na asibiti na ENERCA don kula da cutar sikila da rigakafi a cikin yara
Shawarwari na asibiti na ENERCA don kula da cutar sikila da rigakafi a cikin yara
Anonim

ENERCA cibiyar sadarwa ce ta Turai don Rare da Anemias na Haihuwa daga Hukumar Tarayyar Turai kuma ta IDIBAPS - Clínic na Asibitin Barcelona. Babban manufarsa ita ce bayar da ingantaccen sabis na kiwon lafiyar jama'a ga likitocin kiwon lafiya da marasa lafiya a kowane fanni na ƙarancin anemia. Kwanan nan wannan shekara wannan hanyar sadarwa ta buga a cikin American Journal of Hematology (AJH) jerin shawarwari don kula da cututtuka da rigakafin rikice-rikice na cutar sikila (SCD) a cikin yara. Tare da wannan wallafe-wallafen ENERCA yana shirye ya ba da jagoranci na asibiti ga ƙwararrun likitocin likita ta hanyar wallafe-wallafen likita.

An raba labarin a cikin manyan batutuwa guda uku: Rigakafin rikice-rikice, jiyya da hanyoyin kwantar da hankali ga cututtuka masu tsanani. Daban-daban na kowane batu an fallasa su ta hanyar rubutu, gami da shawarwari da nassoshi na tarihi game da gano shaidar kimiyya da ke da alaƙa da su. An gabatar da ƙaddamarwa a cikin tsari kai tsaye da kuma tsarin tsari. Kuna iya karanta cikakken labarin a gidan yanar gizon mujallu.

Binciken jarirai na duniya ita ce hanya ɗaya tilo ta gano duk cututtukan sikila, amma ana yin ta ne kawai a cikin Amurka, Ingila, Netherlands, da biranen Belgium da yawa, tare da zaɓen tantancewar da aka yi niyya kan yawan “masu haɗari” a Faransa.. A cewar labarin ENERCA, jariran da aka gano suna da babban ciwon sikila ya kamata a tura su zuwa cibiyar da aka keɓe na sikila na yara inda za a tsara kulawar jariri. ƙwararren likita ya kamata ya sanar da iyaye ko a cikin al'umma ta gogaggen mashawarcin ma'aikacin jinya.

Kayayyakin rigakafi guda biyu sune maganin rigakafi tare da penicillin don hana kamuwa da cuta da duban dan tayi na Doppler don gano yara masu haɗarin kamuwa da bugun jini da haɗa su cikin shirin ƙarin jini. Ilimi da goyon bayan tunani, da kuma duba kowace shekara, zai haifar da ingantacciyar kulawar SCD.

Pain, m kirji ciwo, cututtuka, m anemia da bugun jini na iya dagula yanayin cutar. Wadannan rikice-rikice na iya faruwa tare kuma suna da wahala a rabu, rikici mai raɗaɗi akai-akai yana haifar da zazzabi misali. An ba da cikakken bayani game da jagora don gano matsalar daidai da kuma yadda ake amfani da jiyya a cikin labarin.

A ƙarshe, dashen ƙwayoyin sel na hematopoietic daga ƴan'uwan HLA iri ɗaya shine kawai maganin warkewa ga SCD. Ana iya kiyaye nama na Ovarian kuka amma har yanzu ba a san yadda amfanin wannan zai iya ba da damar samun ciki nan gaba ba. A ƙarshe, lokacin da dasawa ba zaɓi ba ne Hydroxyurea da transfusion na yau da kullun sune manyan layin warkewa. Labarin ENERCA yayi magana game da aikace-aikacen daidai na jiyya da wasu sakamako masu illa don taimakawa masu sana'a don ayyana mafi kyawun magani ga kowane mai haƙuri.

Wannan jagorar ita ce ɗaya ta farko na jerin takaddun ENERCA waɗanda aka mayar da hankali kan ganewar asali da kulawar asibiti na cutar sikila. Marubucin farko na labarin shine Dr. Mariane de Montalembert ne adam wata, daga Asibitin Necker-Enfants Malades da Jami'ar Paris Descartes (Faransa), waɗanda suka haɗa wannan ɗaba'ar. Aikin wani bangare ne na fakitin Aiki na ENERCA "Al'amurran kiwon lafiyar jama'a da kula da asibiti na marasa lafiya da ciwon sikila", wanda Dr. Beatrice Gulbis, daga Hopital Erasme (Brussels, Belgium).

Shahararren taken