Shirin novel yana ceton rayuwar jarirai a ƙasashe masu tasowa
Shirin novel yana ceton rayuwar jarirai a ƙasashe masu tasowa
Anonim

Wani shiri da ke koyar da ma’aikatan kiwon lafiya a kasashe masu tasowa dabarun farfaɗo da jarirai nan da nan bayan an haife su shine ceton rayuka, a cewar wani binciken da za a gabatar a ranar Talata, 3 ga Mayu, a taron shekara-shekara na Ilimin Ilimin Yara (PAS) a Denver.

Shirin mai suna Taimakawa Jarirai Numfashi, shirin ya mayar da hankali ne kan dabaru masu sauki kamar shafa wa jariri bushewa, sanya jariri dumi da tsotsar bakin jariri, duk a cikin minti na farko na rayuwa mai suna "The Golden Minute." Idan jaririn bai fara numfashi ba a wannan lokacin, an koya wa mai bada sabis don fara shayar da abin rufe fuska don "taimakawa jaririn numfashi." An tsara shirin don aiwatar da shi a cikin saitunan da oxygen, damfara kirji, intubation da magunguna ba su yiwuwa ko samuwa.

Kimanin jarirai miliyan 1 a cikin ƙasashe masu tasowa suna mutuwa kowace shekara saboda asphyxia na haihuwa, wanda shine rashin farawa ko ci gaba da numfashi ba tare da bata lokaci ba lokacin haihuwa. "Mun gabatar da cewa yawancin waɗannan mutuwar suna da sauƙin hanawa idan an gudanar da ayyukan farfadowa na asali nan da nan bayan haihuwa," in ji marubucin binciken Jeffrey M. Perlman, MD, FAAP.

Ma'aikatar Lafiya ta Tanzaniya ta yi gwajin taimakon Babies Breathe a cikin watan Satumba na 2009. Ma'aikatan jinya da kuma likitoci, mataimakan jami'an kiwon lafiya, da ɗaliban likitanci da masu jinya an koya musu matakan da za su ɗauka nan da nan bayan an haife su don tantance jarirai da kuzari. Kayan ilimi suna da mahimmancin al'ada kuma sun haɗa da hotuna. Masu hidimar haihuwa kuma suna da damar samun kayan aiki na yau da kullun, gami da na'urorin kwaikwayo na jarirai na gaske, na'urorin buɗaɗɗen abin rufe fuska mai tafasa da kuma na'urorin tsotsa kwan fitila.

Asibitoci hudu sun tattara bayanai tsawon watanni uku kafin da kuma watanni uku zuwa hudu bayan aiwatar da shirin. Sakamakon ya nuna cewa adadin mace-macen ya ragu da kashi 50 cikin 100 bayan aiwatar da shirin daga mace-mace 13.4 a cikin 1,000 da aka haifa zuwa 6.3 na mace-mace a cikin 1,000 na haihuwa.

"Wannan abu ne mai ban sha'awa sosai saboda idan waɗannan binciken sun ci gaba, to wannan yana wakiltar a karo na farko da aka sake haifar da mace-mace masu alaka da asphyxia," in ji Dokta Perlman, farfesa a fannin ilimin yara a Kwalejin Kiwon Lafiya ta Weill Cornell kuma shugaban sashen likitancin jarirai a New. Asibitin Presbyterian York, Birnin New York.

Bugu da kari, Taimakawa Jarirai Numfashin na iya taimakawa kasashe masu tasowa cimma burin ci gaban karni na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya 4, wanda ya bukaci rage mace-macen yara ‘yan kasa da shekaru 5 da kashi biyu bisa uku daga 1990 zuwa 2015.

"A halin yanzu, babu daya daga cikin kasashen dake kudu da hamadar Sahara da ke kusa da cimma burin," in ji Dr. Perlman.

Taimakawa Jarirai Numfashin yunƙuri ne na Cibiyar Nazarin Ilimin Yara ta Amurka da sauran abokan zaman lafiya na duniya. An samar da manhajar ne da bayanai daga Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya.

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