Lafiyar jiki da tunani na tsofaffin ma'aurata suna da alaƙa ga mafi alheri ko muni, binciken ya gano
Lafiyar jiki da tunani na tsofaffin ma'aurata suna da alaƙa ga mafi alheri ko muni, binciken ya gano
Anonim

Wani bincike da aka yi kan tsofaffin ma’aurata da ke ba da sabuwar ma’ana ga karin maganar da ake yi wa ma’aurata “ko mai kyau ko mara kyau” ya gano cewa ma’auratan na da matukar tasiri ga lafiyar abokan zamansu fiye da yadda aka sani a da.

A binciken da aka buga a cikin halin yanzu batun na American M Ƙungiyar ta mujallar Lafiya Psychology, sami karfi da ƙungiyoyi tsakanin jiki da kuma wani tunanin kiwon lafiya na mazan aure ma'aurata - da kuma samar da muhimmanci sabon bayanai a kan m kuɗin fito na jiki gazawa a cikin tsufa.

Masu bincike daga Jami'ar British Columbia da Jami'ar Jihar Pennsylvania sun bibiyi tarihin tunani da na jiki na fiye da 1, 700 tsofaffin ma'aurata a cikin shekaru 15, ta yin amfani da bayanai daga wani babban binciken Amurka. Mahalarta taron sun kasance daga 76 zuwa 90 kuma yawancin sun yi aure fiye da shekaru 40.

A cikin daidaikun mutane da ma'aurata, masu binciken sun sami dangantaka mai karfi tsakanin "alamun rashin tausayi" (rashin jin dadi, kadaici da rashin natsuwa) da "iyakan aiki" - rashin iyawar jiki don yin irin waɗannan ayyuka na asali kamar hawan matakan hawa, ɗaukar abubuwa, dafa abinci da cin kasuwa. Yayin da binciken da aka yi a baya ya danganta lafiyar jiki da ta jiki a cikin daidaikun mutane, wannan shine binciken farko da ya nuna lamarin a cikin ma'aurata.

"Wannan binciken ya nuna yadda dangantakar aure ke da muhimmanci wajen tantance lafiyar tsufa," in ji shugabar marubuci Farfesa Christiane Hoppmann na UBC's Dept. of Psychology. "Bugu da ƙari, mun nuna cewa yawancin ƙungiyoyin da ke tsakanin iyakokin aiki da alamun damuwa da aka samu a baya a cikin mutane suna da alaƙa da ma'aurata."

Masu binciken sun gano cewa alamun damuwa na ma'aurata sun karu kuma suna raguwa tare da na abokan zamansu. Ƙayyadaddun ayyuka a cikin ma'aurata ɗaya ba kawai yana haɗuwa da alamun damuwa na kansu ba amma har da alamun damuwa a cikin ɗayan ma'aurata. Ƙaruwa a cikin alamun damuwa a cikin ma'aurata guda ɗaya kuma an haɗa su da mafi girman gazawar aiki a cikin ma'auratan biyu.

"Lokacin da mutane ke cikin baƙin ciki, suna son zama a gida - amma hakan yana sa ma'aurata su ci gaba da zama a gida," in ji Hoppmann. "Wannan matsala ce, saboda lokacin da tsofaffi suka daina aiki - tafiya tafiya, zamantakewa, cin kasuwa - suna hadarin rasa wannan ikon aiki. Wannan tsohuwar magana ce, 'amfani da shi ko rasa shi."

Hoppmann ya kara da cewa, "Wadannan binciken suna taimakawa wajen haskaka yanayin muguwar sau da yawa tsakanin alamun rashin tausayi da kuma iyawarmu ta jiki," in ji Hoppmann, lura da cewa ƙungiyoyi sun kasance bayan sarrafawa ga mutum (shekaru, ilimi, fahimta) da kuma abokan aure (lokacin aure, adadin yara) kuma ya yi. bai bambanta tsakanin mata da maza ba.

Wani abin mamaki shi ne, masu binciken sun gano cewa alakar da ke tsakanin alamomin damuwa sun dan yi karfi a cikin ma'aurata fiye da wasu mutane, inda suka nuna cewa lafiyar jikin ma'aurata na iya yin tasiri ga lafiyar abokin tarayya fiye da nasu a wasu lokuta.

"Yin aure na dogon lokaci wani yanayi ne na musamman, hakika yana haɗa rayuwarku tare," in ji Hoppmann, wanda bincikensa na baya ya gano farin ciki a cikin tsofaffin ma'aurata. "Wadannan binciken sun nuna yadda ma'auratan da ke dadewa, da motsin rai da kuma jiki, na iya zama."

Hoppmann ya ce sakamakon binciken ya yi nuni zuwa ga babban bukatu ga cikakkiyar hanyoyin kula da lafiya. "Wannan haɗin kai yana nuna cewa ba za mu iya mai da hankali kan majinyata ɗaya kawai ba, tare da yin watsi da manyan tasirin da cututtukansu za su iya yi a kan mutane a rayuwarsu," in ji ta, lura da binciken da aka yi ya nuna masu kula da su suna cikin haɗari mafi girma ga matsalolin tunani da lafiyar jiki..

Masu binciken - wadanda suka hada da Anita Hibbert, dalibar da ta kammala digiri a UBC Dept. of Psychology, da Farfesa Denis Gerstorf na Jami'ar Jihar Pennsylvania - sun ce ana bukatar ci gaba da nazari don sanin ko wadannan kungiyoyin ma'aurata sun kebanta da ma'auratan da suka dade da kuma ko su Gabaɗaya zuwa tsufa Baby Boomers waɗanda suka shiga tsufa tare da ƙarin tarihin dangantaka, gami da saki da sake yin aure.

Shahararren taken