Yawancin manya da ke da Autism ba a gano su ba' - sabon binciken
Yawancin manya da ke da Autism ba a gano su ba' - sabon binciken
Anonim

Babu wani mutum guda da aka gano yana da Autism ko Asperger's Syndrome a lokacin wani bincike na al'umma a Ingila a zahiri ya san suna da yanayin, binciken da Jami'ar Leicester ta jagoranta ya bayyana.

A cewar Dr Traolach Brugha, farfesa a fannin tabin hankali a Jami'ar Leicester, bincike ya riga ya nuna cewa Autism ya zama ruwan dare gama gari a cikin maza, wadanda ba su da manyan makarantun ilimi, da kuma wadanda ke zaune a cikin gidaje (kudin gwamnati). Yaduwar ba ta da alaƙa da shekarun waɗanda ke da yanayin.

Sakamakon binciken ya fito daga binciken farko na yawan jama'a na autism a lokacin balaga. Sun dogara ne a kan wani bincike na annoba na kashi biyu a Ingila (7, 461 tambayoyin nunawa; 618 bincike) da aka gudanar a cikin 2007. Sakamakon binciken yanzu an buga shi cikakke a cikin babban mujallar kimiyyar lafiyar kwakwalwa ta duniya ta Archives of General Psychiatry (http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/68/5/459). Wannan yana nufin cewa binciken da aka gudanar daga Leicester yanzu an amince da shi a hukumance.

Dr..

Dr Brugha ya ce sabon labarin kimiyya ya tabbatar da rahoton da aka riga aka buga daga binciken (2009) cewa kashi 9.8 cikin 100 na manya a Ingila sun cika ka'idojin bincike na hukuma game da cutar Autism. Babu wata shaida ta 'cutar cutar Autism' na alamar karuwa a cikin mutanen da ke da yanayin.

Ya ce: "A dunkule binciken da muka yi ya nuna cewa yawaitar ba ya karuwa ko faduwa a tsawon lokaci. Wannan ya fi dacewa da fassarar cewa hanyoyin tabbatarwa (binciken shari'ar) sun canza a cikin binciken da aka yi a kwanan nan game da yara idan aka kwatanta da farkon binciken da aka ruwaito. kasa mai yawa".

A cikin sharhi kan abubuwan da za su iya haifar da Autism, masu binciken sun ba da shawarar cewa "[ba kwayoyin halitta ko muhalli] abubuwan da ke haifar da Autism sun kasance na ɗan lokaci, kuma haɓakar bayyanar cututtuka na kwanan nan dole ne ya nuna mafi kyawun binciken shari'ar, maimakon wasu sabbin abubuwa. Duk da haka, za mu ba da shawarar yin taka tsantsan da buƙatar kwafin wannan rukunin farko na binciken binciken manyan al'umma".

Farfesa Brugha ya kuma ja hankali kan sabon rahoton da aka bayar na cewa babu wani daga cikin al'amuransu na Autism da aka riga aka san yana da cutar: "Yana da matukar damuwa cewa babu wani daga cikin lamuran da muka tabbatar ta hanyar amfani da tsauraran hanyoyin tantance cutar a cikin al'umma da ya san cewa suna da cutar. Kamar yadda a duk binciken da aka yi a cikin al'umma, tabbas yana yiwuwa yawancin lokuta da muka samu sun kasance masu sauƙi kuma kaɗan ne masu tsanani. Mun fara ba da horo ga likitocin masu tabin hankali game da gano yanayin yanayin balagagge a cikin girma ta Cibiyar Koyar da Ilimin Ma'aikatan Lafiya ta Royal College of Psychiatrists, London (http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/PDF/Asperger_interview_USE_THIS_ONE.pdf)."

Sakamakon farko na binciken, wanda ya fara bayyana a cikin 2009 (www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/asdpsychiatricmorbidity07), ya ja hankalin kafofin watsa labarai da yawa. An gudanar da binciken ne tare da Cibiyar Nazarin Zamantakewa ta Ƙasa (www.natcen.ac.uk) da ƙungiyar ƙwararrun ƙwararrun masana daga Jami'o'in haɗin gwiwa (Jami'ar Cambridge, UCL, da Kwalejin King, London). Ƙarin aikin ƙaddamar da binciken ga manya a cikin cibiyoyin jama'a da kuma manya masu fama da nakasa ilmantarwa tun daga lokacin da Hukumar NHS ta ba da izini ga Ma'aikatar Lafiya kuma ana gudanar da shi tare da haɗin gwiwar masu bincike a Jami'o'in Cambridge da Glasgow. Ana sa ran samun sakamakon binciken daga baya a cikin 2011.

Shahararren taken