Ma'anar adalci da aka gina a cikin kwakwalwa
Ma'anar adalci da aka gina a cikin kwakwalwa
Anonim

Binciken, haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Cibiyar Karolinska da Makarantar Tattalin Arziki ta Stockholm, an buga shi a cikin PLoS Biology. Ya dogara ne akan halayen ɗan adam na duniya don mayar da martani mai tsanani yayin da wani ya saba wa ka'idar aiki don maslahar ƙungiyar ta hanyar rashin adalci. Masu binciken suna da batutuwa 35 suna wasa wasan adalci na tushen kuɗi (Wasan Ƙarshe), ta yadda wani ɗan wasa ke ba wa wani shawarar yadda za a raba ƙayyadaddun adadin kuɗi a tsakanin su; sannan dayan dan wasan zai iya karban shawarar ya karbi kudin, ko kuma ya ki, a haka babu dan wasan da zai karbi komai.

"Idan adadin da za a raba ya kasance 100 SEK kronor kuma shawarar ta kasance 50 kowanne, kowa ya yarda da shi kamar yadda ake ganin ya dace," in ji Dr Katarina Gospic. "Amma idan shawarar ita ce ku sami 20 kuma na ɗauki 80, ana ganin hakan a matsayin rashin adalci. A kusan rabin lokuta ya ƙare tare da ɗan wasan ya karɓi ƙaramin kaso ya ƙi shawarar, duk da cewa yana kashe su SEK 20. Yin hakan. suna ladabtar da dan wasan da ya ba da shawarar da ba ta dace ba duk da sun sha kashi."

Ta hanyar yin rajistar ayyukan kwakwalwar batutuwa tare da na'urar daukar hotan takardu ta MR yayin wasa, masu binciken sun sami damar ganin cewa yankin kwakwalwar da ke sarrafa wadannan shawarwarin kudi yana cikin amygdala, tsohuwar juyin halitta don haka wani bangare ne na kwakwalwa wanda ke sarrafa fushin. da tsoro. Binciken da ya gabata ya ba da shawarar cewa ikon yin nazari da yanke shawara na yanayin kuɗi yana cikin cortex na prefrontal.

A cikin binciken da aka gabatar, an ba batutuwan ko dai Oxazepam anti-tashin hankali tranquillizer ko kwayar sukari (placebo) yayin wasa Ultimate Game. Masu binciken sun gano cewa wadanda suka karbi maganin sun nuna rashin aikin amygdala da kuma karfin hali na yarda da rarraba kudaden da ba daidai ba - wannan duk da cewa lokacin da aka tambaye su, har yanzu suna la'akari da shawarar rashin adalci.

A cikin ƙungiyar kulawa, yanayin da za a yi da fushi da azabtar da dan wasan da ya ba da shawarar rarraba kudaden da ba daidai ba yana da nasaba da karuwa a cikin amygdala. An kuma lura da bambancin jinsi, tare da maza suna ba da amsa da ƙarfi ga shawarwari marasa adalci fiye da mata kuma suna nuna daidai gwargwado mafi girma na ayyukan amygdalic. Ba a sami wannan bambancin jinsi a cikin ƙungiyar da ta karɓi Oxazepam ba.

"Wannan sakamako ne mai ban sha'awa mai ban sha'awa wanda ke nuna cewa ba kawai matakai ba ne a cikin prefrontal cortex ke ƙayyade irin wannan shawarar game da daidaiton kuɗi, kamar yadda aka yi tunani a baya", in ji Farfesa Martin Ingvar. "Binciken mu, duk da haka, na iya samun tasiri na ɗabi'a tun lokacin da amfani da wasu kwayoyi na iya shafar tsarin yanke shawara na yau da kullun."

Cibiyar Nazarin Yaren mutanen Sweden ta ba da kuɗin aikin, Cibiyar Barbro da Bernard Osher, Hukumar Kula da Innovation ta Sweden (VINNOVA), Cibiyar Nazarin Dabarun Sweden, Jan Wallander da Tom Hedelius Foundation, Majalisar Sweden don Rayuwa Aiki da zamantakewa. Bincike da Knut da Alice Wallenberg Foundation.

Shahararren taken