Manyan kungiyoyin kiwon lafiya na duniya suna kira ga Amurka da ta hanzarta bincike
Manyan kungiyoyin kiwon lafiya na duniya suna kira ga Amurka da ta hanzarta bincike
Anonim

Haɗin gwiwar manyan ƙungiyoyin kiwon lafiya na duniya 30 waɗanda ke aiki kan alluran rigakafi, magunguna, da sauran kayan aiki da fasahohin da ke ceton rayuka a yau sun fitar da jerin shawarwari ga masu tsara manufofin Amurka da masu kula da su, suna yin kira da a haɓaka sabbin ƙima da haɓaka amincewar ƙirƙira masu aminci da araha. domin ceton rayuka da dama a duniya.

Ƙungiyar Global Health Technologies Coalition (GHTC), ƙungiyar da Gidauniyar Bill & Melinda Gates ta ba da tallafi kuma an tsara ta don ba da babbar murya ga waɗanda ke haɓaka fasahohin don ingantacciyar lafiya, ta ba da shawarar gaba a cikin rahotonta na shekara-shekara cewa a cikin wannan mawuyacin yanayi na kasafin kuɗi ya kamata masu tsara manufofin Amurka su kare. da kuma ci gaba da saka hannun jarin Amurka a cikin binciken lafiya da haɓaka samfura a duniya.

Rahoton wanda ya ba da jerin jerin nasarorin da aka samu a fannin kimiyya a shekarar da ta gabata, ya ce ayyukan da aka yi a baya a fannin kiwon lafiyar duniya na da matukar ban mamaki kuma yanzu an samu karin ci gaba. Kudaden da aka bayar a baya ya ba da sakamako mai karfi, wanda ya haifar da sabbin kayan aikin kiwon lafiya tare da tasirin lafiyar jama'a, baya ga samar da ayyukan yi da fa'idojin tattalin arzikin cikin gida na Amurka, in ji rahoton.

Kaitlin Christenson, darektan GHTC ta ce "A cikin shekarar da ta gabata mun ga ci gaba bayan samun ci gaba a fannin kiwon lafiya a duniya, ciki har da alluran rigakafi, magunguna, da kayan aikin gano cututtuka." "Tasirin saka hannun jari a fasahohin kiwon lafiya na duniya yana da yawa. Wadannan binciken a zahiri ceton dubban mutane da dubban rayuka a kowace rana a kasashe masu tasowa."

Christenson ya ce jarin Amurka ya kasance wani muhimmin abu a cikin ci gaban da aka samu a cikin shekarar da ta gabata, ciki har da: a karon farko, wata hujja ta nuna cewa gel da ake kira microbicide na iya kare mata daga cutar kanjamau da cutar kanjamau; An kaddamar da wani sabon allurar rigakafin cutar sankarau, mai kudin kasa da cents 50 a kashi daya, a Afirka kuma ana sa ran zai kare miliyoyin mutane daga mutuwa da nakasa; kuma babban mai neman rigakafin cutar zazzabin cizon sauro a duniya, RTS, S, yanzu haka yana cikin kashi na karshe na binciken asibiti a kasashe da dama na Afirka.

Christenson ya ce "Taimakon Amurka ya taimaka ga duk waɗannan sabbin abubuwa." "Abin da ke karfafa gwiwa shi ne, tallafin da Amurka ta bayar ya taimaka wajen kara habaka sauran ci gaban kiwon lafiya a duniya da ke tafe, a fannonin da suka shafi maganin tarin fuka, wanda zai rage yawan lokacin da mutum zai iya shan maganin. Za a ci gaba da samun ci gaba.."

Dr. Alex Dehgan, mai ba da shawara kan kimiyya da fasaha ga jami'in hukumar raya kasa da kasa ta Amurka, ya ce al'amuran kiwon lafiyar duniya sun shafi 'yan kasar Amurka ma, kuma sabbin fasahohin za su taimaka wajen kare kowa.

"Muna fuskantar matsaloli masu alaka da juna a duniya," in ji shi. "Abin da ke faruwa a Ruwanda ya shafe mu a Topeka, kuma muna bukatar mu mai da hankali ga waɗannan abubuwa. Shi ya sa bincike da ci gaban harkokin kiwon lafiya na duniya ke da mahimmanci a gare mu kuma yana da alaƙa da jin dadin kanmu. Wannan rahoto ya sake tunatar da mu yadda za a yi la'akari. Bincike da bunƙasa harkokin kiwon lafiya na duniya da Amurka ke ba da tallafi ya haifar da muhimmiyar mahimmanci kuma sau da yawa na ceton rai a cikin rayuwar mutane a duniya, da kuma yadda yake ba da fa'idodi da yawa ga namu a Amurka."

Wadancan fa'idodin daga bincike da ci gaban lafiya na duniya sun haɗa da manyan haɓaka ga tattalin arzikin gida da na jihohi a duk faɗin ƙasar. Wani bincike a jihar California, alal misali, ya gano cewa kiwon lafiyar duniya yana tallafawa ayyuka kusan 350,000 waɗanda ke samar da dala biliyan 19.7 a cikin albashi, albashi, da fa'idodi. A jihar Washington, lafiyar duniya tana tallafawa ayyukan yi 13,700 da ke samar da dala biliyan 1.7 a tasirin tattalin arziki.

Rahoton na GHTC ya fitar da shawarwari guda uku kan manufofin bayar da kudade, da karfafa rawar da Hukumar Abinci da Magunguna ke takawa a fannin kiwon lafiyar duniya, da samar da sabbin kudade.

Shawarwarin manufofin tallafi na kungiyoyin lafiya na duniya 30 sune:

* Dorewa da kare jarin Amurka a cikin binciken lafiya na duniya da haɓaka samfura.

* Haɓaka tabbataccen tsare-tsare don haɗa bincike da haɓaka a matsayin babban fifiko a cikin shirye-shiryen kiwon lafiya da ci gaban Amurka.

* Tabbatar da cewa saka hannun jarin Amurka a cikin binciken kiwon lafiya na duniya an daidaita su, inganci, da daidaita su.

Shawarwarinsa don karuwar rawar FDA sune:

* Sakin shawarwarin kwanan nan ta hanyar ƙungiyar nazarin cututtuka da aka yi watsi da su, kuma ba da damar yin tsokaci ga jama'a.

* Ƙirƙirar haɗin gwiwa mai ƙarfi tare da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki, gami da Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya.

* Haɓaka ƙwarewar cikin gida game da cututtukan da ba a kula da su ba, wanda zai iya haɗawa da gayyatar masana daga ƙasashe masu tasowa don yin aiki a kwamitin ba da shawara.

* Haɓaka haɗin gwiwa tare da ƙungiyoyi masu haɓaka kayan aikin kiwon lafiya na duniya.

* Kuma ya kamata Majalisa ta haɗa da yare don tallafawa rawar da FDA ke takawa a cikin lafiyar duniya da kuma ba da kuɗin hukumar yadda ya kamata a cikin dokar kasafin kuɗi na shekara mai zuwa.

Shawarwarinsa don ƙarfafawa da sabbin hanyoyin samar da kuɗi don lafiyar duniya sune:]

* Ƙaddamar da ƙungiyar ma'aikata ta giciye don gano hannun jarin Amurka a cikin abubuwan ƙarfafawa da sabbin hanyoyin samar da kuɗi don lafiyar duniya.

* Yin hulɗa da ƙungiyoyin jama'a, ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu, da masana'antu masu zaman kansu akan wannan batu.

* Yin hulɗa tare da wasu gwamnatoci da masu ba da gudummawa don bincike da tallafawa abubuwan ƙarfafawa da sabbin hanyoyin samar da kudade.

* Taimakawa babban fayil na ƙarfafawa da hanyoyin ba da kuɗi don haɓaka bincike da haɓaka da ake buƙata a duk matakai na tsarin haɓaka samfur.

* Da kuma ci gaba da gudanar da ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙima na kowace hanyar ƙarfafawa da samar da kuɗin da Amurka ke tallafawa.

Kungiyoyin kiwon lafiya na duniya 30 da ke goyan bayan shawarwarin sune:

Aeras Global TB Vaccine Foundation

Hadin gwiwar Tallafawa Alurar rigakafin kanjamau

Ƙungiyar Amirka ta Magungunan Wuta da Tsafta

Kasuwancin BIO don Lafiyar Duniya

CD4 Initiative

CONRAD

Shirin Magunguna don Cututtukan da ba a kula da su ba

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation

Kiwon Lafiyar Iyali na Duniya

Gidauniyar don Ƙirƙirar Sabbin Bincike

GAVI Alliance

Ƙungiyar Ƙasa ta Duniya don Ci gaban Magungunan TB

Yakin Duniya don Magungunan ƙwayoyin cuta

Majalisar Lafiya ta Duniya

Cibiyar Binciken Cututtuka masu Yaduwa

Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru na Vector

Cibiyar Kiwon Lafiya ta Duniya

Ƙaddamar da rigakafin cutar kanjamau na duniya

Haɗin kai na ƙasa da ƙasa don ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta

Cibiyar Samun Alurar rigakafi ta Duniya

Cibiyar Kula da Alurar rigakafi ta Duniya

Magungunan Ciwon Cizon Sauro

HANYA

Ƙaddamar da rigakafin cutar zazzabin cizon sauro PATH

Majalisar Jama'a

Cibiyar Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a

Bincike!Amurka

Cibiyar Tallace-tallace ta Sabin ta Duniya don Cututtukan wurare masu zafi da aka yi watsi da su

Seattle BioMed

Ƙungiyar Ayyukan Jiyya

Shahararren taken