PET Scans Don Haɓaka Babban Fasaha: GE Haɓaka Sabon Hoto na Kwakwalwa 'Helmet
PET Scans Don Haɓaka Babban Fasaha: GE Haɓaka Sabon Hoto na Kwakwalwa 'Helmet
Anonim

Masana kimiyyar GE suna aiki a kan wani kwalkwali na positron emission tomography (ko PET scan) "kwalkwali" wanda ba wai kawai zai ba masana kimiyya damar lura da kwakwalwar ɗan adam a matakin mafi zurfin salon salula ba, amma zai ba da damar wannan keɓantaccen ra'ayi na ayyukan tunani yayin da mutum ke motsawa kamar yadda ya saba.. Kamar Toto yana jan labule don fallasa mayen, wannan sabuwar fasahar sawa za ta bayyana aikin injin na kwakwalwa na ainihin lokacin.

"Har yanzu ba mu san kadan game da kwakwalwa ba, kuma hotunan PET har yanzu suna da ban tsoro da ban tsoro," in ji Dokta Ravindra Manjeshwar, wanda ke gudanar da dakin gwaje-gwajen hoto mai aiki a GE Global Research, a cikin sanarwar manema labarai. "Amma wannan fasaha na iya inganta halayenmu na kwayoyin ta hanyar wasu umarni masu girma."

Ana amfani da fasahar sikanin PET na yanzu don sa ido kan yaduwar cutar kansa da kuma martanin mutum ga jiyya. Ba kamar na'urorin X-ray da MRI ba, waɗanda ke ɗaukar hotunan kasusuwa da gabobin jiki, ana amfani da sikanin PET don nazarin ayyukan jiki. Tsarin na yanzu yana farawa da likita ya yi wa mara lafiya allura tare da na'urori na musamman waɗanda ke ɗauke da isotopes na rediyoaktif. Masu binciken sun haɗa kansu zuwa kyallen takarda, sannan likita ya bi rarraba su yana sauraron sakonni.

Don sabon na'urar daukar hotan takardu ta "kwalkwali", masana kimiyya na GE sun kirkiro wani sabon nau'in binciken ganowa wanda zai iya gano cutar neuroinflamation (wanda ke faruwa a lokacin rikice-rikice), da kuma plaque amyloid da furotin tau da ke da alaƙa da cutar Alzheimer. Bayan an yi masa allura da sabbin na'urorin ganowa, na'urar daukar hoto mai nauyi, mai nauyi, mai saurin fahimta zai zauna cikin kwanciyar hankali a kan wani batu. Daga wannan matsayi, zai nemo sunadaran da ba su da tushe da sauran alamun cututtukan jijiya a cikin sel guda ɗaya.

Mahimmanci, masanan kimiyyar GE sun ce matsananciyar hankali na kwalkwali yana rage adadin abubuwan ganowa da ake buƙata don yin hoto, kamar "ƙananan allurai" kawai za a buƙaci. Gabaɗaya, sa'an nan, jimillar hasarar majiyyaci za a rage zuwa kusan yawan radiation da ake bayarwa lokacin da yake yawo a cikin ƙasa a cikin jirgin sama. Manjeshwar ya yi imanin cewa sabuwar fasahar za ta kasance "tsalle mai tsayi" a kan abin da masana kimiyya za su iya ganowa game da aikin kwakwalwa.

Sabon aikin GE wani bangare ne na Bruwan sama Rbincike ta hanyar Atafiya Im NYurotechnologies (ko BRAIN) Initiative, wanda shugaban ya ƙaddamar a cikin Afrilu 2013. Makasudin shirin sun hada da samar da sabbin hanyoyin nazarin aikin kwakwalwa da kuma magancewa da hana cututtuka da cututtuka irin su Alzheimer's, Autism, da concussions. GE, wanda ke haɗin gwiwa tare da Jami'ar West Virginia, Jami'ar Washington, da UC Davis don haɓaka sabon kwalkwali na PET, yana karɓar wasu daga cikin dala miliyan 240 na kudaden bincike da aka ba wa hukumomi, jami'o'i, da tushe ta hanyar yunƙurin.

Shahararren taken