Laberiya ta ayyana Bata da Cutar Ebola, Alamar Ƙarshen Annobar Yammacin Afirka
Laberiya ta ayyana Bata da Cutar Ebola, Alamar Ƙarshen Annobar Yammacin Afirka
Anonim

Kwararru a fannin kiwon lafiya a duniya sun ayyana kasar Laberiya daga bullar cutar Ebola a ranar Alhamis din da ta gabata, matakin da ya nuna cewa an kawo karshen annobar cutar Ebola a yammacin Afirka da ta yi sanadin mutuwar mutane sama da 11, 300.

Amma Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) ta yi gargadin cewa har yanzu ana iya samun bullar cutar a yankin da ta yi fama da barkewar cutar a cikin shekaru biyu da suka gabata, saboda wadanda suka tsira na iya daukar kwayar cutar na tsawon watanni kuma za su iya kamuwa da ita..

Kwararru a fannin kiwon lafiya sun yi gargadin a guji yin kasala, suna masu cewa har yanzu duniya ba ta da shiri don barkewar cutar nan gaba.

Laberiya ita ce kasa ta karshe da ta kamu da cutar ta Ebola, ba tare da samun cutar Ebola ba tsawon kwanaki 42, wanda ya ninka tsawon lokacin "cubation" na kwayar cutar - lokacin ya wuce tsakanin yada cutar da bayyanar cututtuka.

"An dakatar da duk wasu sansanonin yada kwayar cutar a Yammacin Afirka," in ji hukumar ta WHO, a ranar Alhamis.

Sauran kasashen da cutar ta shafa, Guinea da Saliyo, an ayyana su a matsayin ‘yantanta da cutar Ebola a karshen shekarar da ta gabata. An samu bullar cutar a wasu kasashe bakwai da suka hada da Najeriya da Amurka da Spain, amma kusan dukkanin wadanda suka mutu a kasashen yammacin Afirka ne.

"Wannan dai shi ne karo na farko tun bayan bullar cutar a yammacin Afirka shekaru biyu da suka wuce da kasashe ukun da suka fi fama da cutar ba su da cutar a kalla kwanaki 42," in ji wakilin WHO a Laberiya Alex Gasasira.

Sanarwar da WHO ta fitar a ranar Alhamis wani babban mataki ne na yaki da cutar da ta fara a dazuzzukan gabashin Guinea a watan Disambar 2013 kafin ta yadu zuwa kasashen Laberiya da Saliyo. Ya mamaye kayayyakin kiwon lafiya a yankin da ba shi da kayan aiki don tunkarar barkewar cutar, kuma a tsawonsa a karshen shekarar 2014 ya haifar da fargabar duniya a tsakanin jama'a.

Sai dai hukumar ta bukaci a yi taka tsantsan - sau biyu a baya an ayyana Laberiya ba ta da kwayar cutar, a cikin watan Mayu da Satumba na shekarar 2015, amma duk lokacin da wani sabon tarin kararraki ya bayyana ba zato ba tsammani.

Babban birninta Monrovia ya yi mummunar barna a lokacin da annobar ta fi kamari. Rashin isasshen kulawa yana nufin majiyyata sun kwanta a kan tituna ko kan titi suna jiran awoyi don gwaji da magani; Alƙalamai na likitanci sun zama cibiyoyin haɓaka cutar.

Tare da waɗannan abubuwan har yanzu suna sabo, kuma har yanzu al'umma da tattalin arziƙin suna ci gaba da tabarbarewa daga barkewar cutar, martanin da aka yi game da sanarwar ranar Alhamis ya ƙare. Babu alamun biki kamar rigar “free Ebola” da mutane suka sanya bayan sanarwar WHO a baya.

"Bayan sanarwar farko, mutane na rawa a kan titi," in ji Vivian Lymas Tegli, jami'in kare yara na UNICEF a Monrovia. "Amma ba na jin za a yi wani biki a yau, mutane sun gaji da cutar Ebola, suna jin a nan ne su zauna."

'DUNIYA BA A SHIRYA BA'

Masana sun ce an samu ci gaba a matakin da yankin ya dauka na yaki da cutar Ebola, inda aka samu raguwar sabbin masu kamuwa da cutar sakamakon kamfen na kiwon lafiyar jama'a, da kokarin ganowa da kebe masu fama da cutar da kuma kula da lafiya da binne marasa lafiya da wadanda suka kamu da cutar.

Sai dai ta ce har yanzu kasashen za su fafitikar tunkarar duk wata babbar barkewar cutar Ebola a nan gaba, wadda ke yaduwa ta jini da ruwan jiki da kuma kashe kusan kashi 40 na wadanda suka kamu da cutar.

Daruruwan ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya a cikin birane da yankunan karkara na daga cikin wadanda cutar ta kashe, babban koma baya ga tsarin kiwon lafiya a kasashen da tuni ke da mafi karancin adadin likitocin kowane shugaban al'umma a duniya.

"Sanarwar ta WHO ta yau labarai ce maraba, amma dole ne mu koyi darasi daga illar cutar Ebola da kuma tabbatar da cewa mun shirya sosai don barkewar cututtuka," in ji Dr Seth Berkley, shugaban Gavi, kungiyar Alurar riga kafi, kungiyar da ke da niyyar kara samun damar yin alluran rigakafi a cikin kasar. kasashe matalauta.

"Duniya har yanzu tana cikin damuwa da rashin shiri don yiwuwar barazanar lafiya nan gaba kuma ana buƙatar canjin tunani don tabbatar da saka hannun jari a cikin bincike da haɓakawa a yau don kare kanmu a shekaru masu zuwa."

Masana sun kuma yi gargadin wasu cututtuka masu zafi da ke haifar da barazana a nan gaba, ciki har da kwayar cutar Zika da sauro ke kamuwa da ita a baya, wadda ake alakanta ta da matsalar haihuwa da ke da alaka da kai kuma tana yaduwa a Kudancin Amurka.

Hilde de Clerck, likita ce ta kungiyar Medecins Sans Frontieres, wadda ta taimaka wajen bullar cutar Ebola guda biyar da suka hada da Kongo, Uganda da kuma bullar annobar da ta barke a yammacin Afirka, ta ce a sa ido yana da matukar muhimmanci domin hana sake bullowar cutar, wanda ba a tabbatar da ita ba. maganin miyagun ƙwayoyi, kodayake masu bincike sun haɓaka maganin rigakafi.

"Ina ganin bai kamata mu manta da hadarin da ke tattare da wasu bullar cutar ba," in ji ta. "Na fi damuwa da wasu abubuwan yau da kullun: tsabta, kayan aiki da horo."

Yayin da WHO da sauran kwararru a fannin kiwon lafiya suka ce ba za a sake samun bullar wannan girma ba, kuma an koyi abubuwa da yawa ta fuskar lura da marasa lafiya da magance barkewar cutar, har yanzu ana ci gaba da fuskantar matsaloli, ciki har da tsabtace tsabta, kamar rashin wanke hannu.

"Na yi imani da cewa akwai kyakkyawar fahimta, yarda da cewa wannan cuta ce ta gaske, kuma menene sanadin wannan cuta, kuma hakan ya kasance cikin al'umma fiye da da," in ji Peter Graaff, shugaban Ebola. aiki a hedkwatar WHO da ke Geneva.

Mohammed Kamara, wanda ke zaune a Monrovia, ya rasa ‘yan’uwa biyu da abokinsa daga cutar Ebola a shekarar 2014. “Na san ainihin abin da ake nufi da kamuwa da cutar a kasar,” in ji shi.

"Dole ne mu gode wa Allah sannan kuma ga gwamnati da sauran abokan huldarta na ganin an sanar da kasar daga cutar Ebola. Ina fatan wannan ne karo na karshe da muka kamu da cutar Ebola."

(Ƙarin rahoton Keiran Guilbert, Stephanie Nebehay, Tom Miles, Emma Farge, Matt Mpoke Bigg, Kate Kelland da Ben Hirschler; Edward McAllister ya rubuta; Gyara ta Jeremy Gaunt da Pravin Char)

Shahararren taken