Wadanne Hanyoyin Kare Kashe Suke Aiki?
Wadanne Hanyoyin Kare Kashe Suke Aiki?
Anonim

Kisan kai wani lamari ne mai cike da rudani game da lafiyar jama'a, tare da masana da masu tsara manufofi suna ƙoƙarin magance tushen matsalar da kuma mahimman lokutan rikici lokacin da mutane ke ƙoƙarin yin aiki da tunanin su na kashe kansu. Duk da haka har yanzu shi ne na biyu da ke haifar da mutuwar mutane daga 25 zuwa 34, kuma na uku a cikin wadanda ke da shekaru 15 zuwa 24. A duk duniya, akwai fiye da 800, 000 suna kashe kansu a kowace shekara. Har yanzu yana da wuya a iya gano waɗanda ke cikin haɗarin kashe kansa kafin su fara nuna tunanin kashe kansa ko ɗabi'a da fari. Amma wani sabon bita na kasa da kasa ya yi nazari kan dukkan hanyoyin da ake da su don rage kisan kai da kuma tabbatar da cewa wasu na yin aiki da gaske yayin da wasu ke nuna rashin tasiri.

Masu bincike daga Turai College of Neuropsychopharmacology da Gwani Platform a shafi tunanin mutum Health, Focus on mawuyacin nazari kusan 1, 800 karatu a kunar bakin wake da aka buga a kan shekaru goma. An buga sakamakon marubutan a cikin Lancet Psychiatry.

Wani muhimmin bincike da aka gano shi ne, hana mutum damar yin amfani da hanyoyin kashe kansa yana da tasiri sosai. Ƙirƙirar shinge a mashahuran wuraren kashe kansa kamar manyan gadoji da taƙaita adadin ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin fakiti matakai biyu ne da suka tabbatar da inganci. Wuraren da ke da tsauraran dokokin ba da lasisin bindiga suma suna da ƙarancin kashe kansa. Rahoton ya yi nuni da cewa, idan har za a iya toshe yunƙurin kisan kai, za a iya ceton rayuka da dama.

Magance baƙin ciki, wanda shine muhimmin al'amari mai haɗari ga halayen kashe kansa, kuma ya tabbatar da yana da tasiri a wasu al'ummomi. Magunguna kamar lithium da clozapine sun rage kashe kansu a tsakanin waɗanda suka haura 75, amma a yara da matasa kwayoyi na iya haɓaka tunanin suicid. Bacin rai wanda ba a kula da shi ba, duk da haka, yana da haɗari, don haka matsalar ta kasance ta sirri kuma saboda haka rikitarwa.

Ƙarin hanyoyin da suka nuna wasu sakamako masu kyau sun haɗa da sanya ƙwararrun da aka horar da su don gane halayen haɗari a cikin makarantu, amma wannan yana da amfani kawai idan an haɗa shi tare da wasu matakan rigakafin kashe kansa. Har ila yau binciken ya lura cewa bin wadanda suka yi yunkurin kashe kansu yana da matukar muhimmanci.

"Mun gano cewa babu wata hanya guda ta hana kisan kai," in ji Zohar a cikin wata sanarwar manema labarai. "Duk da haka, aiwatar da hanyoyin da aka ba da shaida da aka bayyana a cikin wannan binciken, ciki har da ilimin jama'a da na likita da kuma wayar da kan jama'a tare da dokokin da suka dace, suna da damar canza dabarun kiwon lafiyar jama'a a cikin tsare-tsaren rigakafin kashe kansa. Da wadannan matakan, za mu iya rage yawan mace-macen da ake samu sakamakon kashe kansa."

Shugaban Kwalejin Turai na Neuropsychopharmacology, farfesa a fannin tabin hankali Guy Goodwin, ya ce kwalejin tana alfahari da goyon bayan irin wannan tabbataccen bita.

"Kamar yadda har yanzu ba a sani ba, kunar bakin wake koyaushe yana cikin abubuwan da ke haifar da mutuwar matasa," in ji shi. "Manufofin da za a rage shi yana buƙatar zama tushen shaida kuma wannan bita yana nuna inda shaida ta yi kuma babu shi a halin yanzu."

Shahararren taken