Mutane Suna Son Wani nau'in Nau'in Ilimin Halittu kawai
Mutane Suna Son Wani nau'in Nau'in Ilimin Halittu kawai
Anonim

Psychopaths yawanci ana kwatanta su azaman masu kashe wuka, amma a zahiri, suna zuwa ta nau'i daban-daban. Wasu a bayyane suke game da rashin tausayinsu, wasu kuma suna haɗuwa da kyau ta yadda ba za ku taɓa sanin wani abu ya ɓace ba. Wasu mutane suna nuna wasu halaye na psychopathic, amma ba duka ba. A cewar wata sabuwar takarda, akwai ma nau'ikan psychopaths iri biyu daban-daban - kuma ɗayan yana iya zama mai son zuciya.

Binciken, da masu bincike daga Jami'ar Bonn da wasu cibiyoyi da yawa suka yi, ya nuna cewa za a iya raba mutane masu ilimin halin dan Adam zuwa kashi biyu, kuma cewa nau'in psychopath daya ne kawai ake la'akari da "mai kyau" abokin aiki. An san masu ilimin halin ɗan adam na farko da rashin tsoro, a cewar mawallafin marubuci Nora Schutte, na Jami'ar Bonn. "Mutanen da ke da wannan hali suna son samun hanyarsu, ba su da tsoron sakamakon ayyukansu, kuma suna iya jure wa damuwa sosai," in ji ta a cikin wata sanarwa.

Mai ilimin halin kwakwalwa na sakandare, ta bayyana, yana da rashin kamun kai, sabili da haka babu la'akari ga wasu. Shahararriyar ra'ayi ita ce, masu ilimin halin dan Adam na iya dagula nasarar tawagarsu a wurin aiki, amma Schutte da mashawarcinta na digiri, farfesa Dr. Gerhard Blickle, sun gano cewa ba lallai ba ne gaskiya. Binciken nasu ya ƙunshi mutane 161 masu aiki waɗanda masu binciken suka yi tambaya game da halayensu, ƙwarewar zamantakewa, da aikinsu. Har ila yau, an tambayi kowannensu ya ba da sunayen abokan aiki guda biyu waɗanda za su tantance halayen mahalarta da aikin wurin aiki.

Ya bayyana cewa waɗanda ke da mafi girman matakan iko na rashin tsoro har yanzu wasu abokan aikin sun siffanta su a matsayin haɗin kai, mai daɗi, da taimako.

"Amma hakan gaskiya ne kawai lokacin da waɗannan hanyoyin tunani na farko suma sun sami ƙwarewar zamantakewa," in ji Schutte. "Sama da duk abin da ya haɗa da ƙwarewa waɗanda ke da mahimmanci a wurin aiki - kamar kyautar sa wasu su ji daɗi."

Masu ilimin halin ɗabi'a na biyu, a gefe guda, abokan aikinsu suna kallon su daban-daban. Abokan aiki sun kira waɗannan mahalarta "masu lalacewa" kuma ba su da taimako sosai. Wannan yanayin ya faru ba tare da la'akari da ƙwarewar zamantakewar mahalarta ba.

"Waɗannan mutanen da ke da ƙima a cikin ilimin halin ɗabi'a na biyu don haka da gaske suna da mummunan tasiri akan yanayin aikinsu," in ji Schutte. "Kuma zuwa matsayi mafi girma fiye da lokacin da muka bincika ƙungiyoyin biyu tare."

kasuwanci

Takardar ta ƙarasa da cewa ana buƙatar ra'ayi daban-daban na psychopathy, kuma Schutte ya ce ko da kalmar kanta, wanda aka gina daga kalmomin Helenanci don rai da cuta ko wahala - yana da kuskure. Farfesa Blickle ya kara da cewa yawancin hanyoyin kwantar da hankali na iya zama ma a cikin ayyukan da muka keɓe ga mutane masu kyau.

"Mutanen da ke da babban matsayi na rashin tsoro suna iya zama jarumawa marasa son kai a rayuwar yau da kullum, kamar masu ceton rai, likitocin gaggawa, ko masu kashe gobara."

Shahararren taken