Girman yana da mahimmanci? Manyan Gilashin Gilashi na iya ƙara yawan shan barasa ba tare da kun gane ba
Girman yana da mahimmanci? Manyan Gilashin Gilashi na iya ƙara yawan shan barasa ba tare da kun gane ba
Anonim

Yawancinmu mun kasance cikin wannan yanayin: Muna fita mashaya tare da abokai, muna shirye don zagaye na gaba, amma muna da cikakken gilashi a hannu. Za mu iya zarge shi a kan ingantaccen ƙwarewar kwalejinmu don cinye barasa da yawa a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci, amma masu bincike sun ba da shawarar kada mu dora laifin a kan kanmu - gaba ɗaya. A cewar wani binciken da aka buga a kwanan nan a cikin mujallar BMC Public Health, gilashin da suka fi girma suna canza tunaninmu, musamman idan yazo da ruwan inabi, yana sa mu mu sha da sauri da kuma yin oda.

Binciken da aka yi a baya ya gano alaƙa tsakanin girman, siffa, da launi na gilashin giya da nawa ake shan barasa. Alal misali, sa’ad da muke ba da ruwan inabinmu, waɗannan abubuwan muhalli suna rinjayar yawan adadin da muke zuba. Game da ruwan inabi, muna zuba kashi tara bisa dari fiye da ja, domin yana da wuyar gani. Muna yawan zuba har zuwa kashi 12 cikin 100 a cikin gilasai masu jajayen giya fiye da kunkuntar gilashin ruwan inabi. A halin yanzu, muna ƙara kusan kashi 12 cikin ɗari idan muna riƙe gilashin ruwan inabi a hannunmu tare da zuba cikin gilashin da aka saita akan tebur.

Duk da haka, ta yaya halayen shaye-shaye ke canzawa sa’ad da ma’aikacin mashaya ya zuba mana ruwan inabi da ruwan inabi mai son kai a gidan abinci?

Zuba ruwan inabi a cikin gilashi

A ƙoƙarin gano girman yanki da shan barasa, masu bincike daga Sashin Binciken Halayyan Hali da Lafiya na Jami'ar Cambridge (BHRU) sun yanke shawarar yin wasu "dabarun datti" akan ma'abota kantin Pint a Cambridge, daga tsakiyar Maris zuwa farkon Yuli 2015. Cibiyar tana da wuraren mashaya da wuraren cin abinci daban-daban, duka suna siyar da abinci da abin sha. Ana iya siyan ruwan inabi a cikin 125 milliliter (ml) ko 175ml servings ta gilashin, wanda yawanci girman 300ml ne. A cikin kwalban, daidaitaccen girman shine 750ml, yayin da a cikin caraf yana 500ml ko 1000ml.

Gilashin ruwan inabi guda uku masu kama da juna waɗanda suka bambanta da girma tsakanin 250ml, 300ml, da 370 ml an yi amfani da su a cikin shagon na tsawon dare takwas madaidaiciya. Masu binciken sun yi nazarin bayanan tallace-tallace don ganin yadda girman gilashin giya ya shafi yawan masu sha. Sakamakon binciken ya nuna tallace-tallacen giya ya karu da kashi 9.4 lokacin da aka yi amfani da giya a cikin manyan gilashin, idan aka kwatanta da girman girman. Wannan karuwa ya fi bayyana a yankin mashaya, a kashi 14.4, fiye da karuwar kashi 8.2 a yankin gidan abinci, inda mafi yawan gilashin da abokan ciniki ke zubawa daga kwalabe.

"Mun gano cewa ƙara girman gilashin ruwan inabi, ko da ba tare da ƙara yawan ruwan inabi ba, yana sa mutane su sha fiye da haka," in ji Dokta Rachel Pechey, wani mawallafi na BHRU a Cambridge, a cikin wata sanarwa.

Kodayake har yanzu ba a san dalilin da ya sa hakan ke faruwa ba, masu bincike sun yi hasashen cewa gilashin da suka fi girma zai iya haifar da mu mu fahimci cewa akwai ƙarancin ruwan inabi a cikin gilashi, yana sa mu sha da sauri kuma mu yi oda. Mutane na iya yin odar ƙarin giya saboda sun yi imanin sun sami ƙasa da cikakken gilashi lokacin da aka ba da manyan gilashin. Pechey ya lura: "Amma yana da ban sha'awa cewa ba mu ga akasin tasirin ba lokacin da muka canza zuwa ƙaramin gilashin giya."

A wasu kalmomi, ƙananan gilashin giya ba su ƙarfafa mutane su sha ƙasa ba.

Wani bincike mai kama da na 2015 ya gano siffar gilashin giyar mu na iya rinjayar yadda za mu iya buguwa. Sakamakon binciken ya nuna sanduna da ke amfani da gilashin kai tsaye sun ba da rahoton ƙarancin shan barasa fiye da shan daga gilashin lanƙwasa. Wannan shi ne saboda muna iya yin kuskuren kuskuren rabin lokaci a cikin gilashin lanƙwasa.

Waɗannan karatun suna da tasirin lafiyar jama'a, suna ba da shawarar yin la'akari da siffar gilashi, girman, da ƙarar ƙila na iya taimakawa wajen hana yawan shan barasa da kai masu shan barasa a hankali. A Amurka, yawan shan barasa shine mafi yawan al'adar amfani da barasa, in ji Cibiyar Nazarin Alcohol da Alcoholism. An ayyana yawan shan giya a matsayin tsarin sha wanda ke kawo yawan barasa na jini (BAC) zuwa 0.08g/dL ko fiye. Wannan yana faruwa a maza idan sun sha biyar ko fiye, da kuma mata idan sun sha hudu ko fiye a cikin tsawon sa'o'i biyu.

Yin amfani da barasa yana da haɗari a cikin manyan matsalolin kiwon lafiyar jama'a kamar Nau'in ciwon sukari na 2, ciwon daji da cututtukan hanta, don haka "girman gilashi na iya zama manufa mai mahimmanci don shiga tsakani," a cewar masu binciken. Sun kuma yi imanin binciken zai iya haifar da matsakaicin girman gilashin don zama yanayin lasisin barasa a nan gaba.

Don haka, guje wa yin amfani da manyan gilashin giya na iya rage yawan shan giya, har ma da hana farawar cututtuka da yawa.

Shahararren taken