Ciwon Bakan Autism Ba Zai Haihu Gabaɗaya A Kwakwalwar ɗan Adam ba; An Gano Lalacewar Tsarin Jijiya na Fata
Ciwon Bakan Autism Ba Zai Haihu Gabaɗaya A Kwakwalwar ɗan Adam ba; An Gano Lalacewar Tsarin Jijiya na Fata
Anonim

Ɗaya daga cikin kowane yara 68 na fama da cutar Autism (ASD), yanayin da masana kimiyya suka yi imanin cewa ya samo asali ne a cikin kwakwalwa tsawon shekaru. Wani sabon bincike da masu bincike na Makarantar Kiwon Lafiyar Havard ya yi ya nuna cewa ƙwararrun masana sun yi kuskure tun da daɗewa, kuma mai yiwuwa ASD ba ya haɗa da kwakwalwa kawai ba, har ma da fata. Wannan yana da ma'ana tun da yawancin alamun da mutanen da ke da Autism ke fuskanta sun haɗa da al'amurran da suka shafi sarrafa hankali, wanda ke sa su zama masu hankali ga nau'o'in abubuwan da ke motsa jiki - daga cikinsu, taɓawa.

"Wani zato mai tushe shine cewa ASD cuta ce ta kwakwalwa kawai, amma mun gano cewa ba koyaushe haka lamarin yake ba," in ji babban marubucin binciken David Ginty, farfesa a fannin ilimin halittar jiki a Makarantar Kiwon Lafiya ta Harvard, a cikin wata sanarwa. "Ci gaban da aka samu a cikin kwayoyin halittar linzamin kwamfuta ya ba mu damar yin nazarin kwayoyin halittar da ke da alaƙa da ASD ta hanyar canza su kawai a wasu nau'ikan ƙwayoyin jijiya da kuma nazarin tasirin."

Yawancin mutanen da ke da Autism sau da yawa suna damuwa da taɓa haske, alamar da ke nuna wa masana cewa wani ɓangare na rashin lafiyar su yana da hankali a yanayi. Sau da yawa yana yiwuwa a kwantar da hankulan mutumin da aka yi imanin tsarin tunaninsa ya wuce gona da iri ta hanyar yin amfani da matsa lamba mai zurfi da aka yi ta hanyar runguma da barguna masu nauyi. Sanin haka, Ginty da tawagarsa sun gwada yadda beraye suka yi da wani haske na iska a bayansu da kuma yadda za su iya bambanta sassa daban-daban. Saboda wasu sauye-sauyen kwayoyin halitta suna da alaƙa da ASD a cikin ɗan adam, kamar Mecp2 da Gabrb3, masu bincike sun gano beraye da maye gurbi sun firgita da buɗaɗɗen iska, idan aka kwatanta da ɓeraye na yau da kullun. Sun kuma kasa bambance bambance-bambance tsakanin laushi.

"Ko da yake mun san game da kwayoyin halitta da dama da ke hade da ASD, kalubale da kuma babban burin shine gano inda a cikin tsarin jin tsoro matsalolin ke faruwa," in ji Ginty. "Ta hanyar injiniyan ɓeraye waɗanda ke da waɗannan maye gurbi kawai a cikin ƙananan ƙwayoyin jijiya na zahiri, waɗanda ke gano abubuwan motsa jiki na haske da ke aiki akan fata, mun nuna cewa maye gurbi yana da mahimmanci kuma ya wadatar don ƙirƙirar beraye tare da rashin jin daɗi na taɓawa."

Sakamakon su, wanda aka buga a cikin mujallar Cell, ya nuna cewa jin daɗin taɓawa yana tafiya tare da masu karɓa a saman fata kuma suna haɗuwa cikin tsarin kulawa na tsakiya. Ma'anar taɓawa shine mabuɗin don haɗin kai da kewayawa, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa rashin amsawar da ba ta dace ba zai iya sa ya zama matsala ga mai ASD ya yi aiki a rayuwarsu ta yau da kullum.

Ginty ya kammala: "Muna tsammanin yana aiki iri ɗaya a cikin mutane tare da ASD."

Baby Autism

A halin yanzu, masu bincike sun sami wannan tasirin ne kawai a cikin berayen da ke da matsalolin damuwa waɗanda ke kama da Autism, wanda ke iyakance su wajen yin hasashen ainihin yadda zai kasance a cikin kwakwalwar ɗan adam. Idan cire alamar kwayoyin halitta a cikin mutane yana aiki kamar yadda ya yi a cikin berayen, tsarin zai iya rage girman yadda masu fama da autism zasu taba.

Duk da haka, samun damar ganin yadda masu karɓa a cikin tsarin juyayi na tsakiya suka bambanta dangane da maye gurbin ASD yana nuna cewa kwakwalwa ba ta aiki ita kadai. Maimakon haka, masu bincike sun yi imanin cewa gano hanyoyin da za a yi amfani da su a cikin kwakwalwa da kuma tsarin kulawa na tsakiya na iya taimakawa likitoci suyi maganin cutar ta hanyar da za ta taimaka wajen sarrafa wasu dabi'un damuwa da matsaloli tare da hulɗar zamantakewa wanda ya zama ruwan dare a tsakanin mutanen da ke fama da yanayin.

Dokta Mark Zylka farfesa ne na Jami'ar Harvard tare da gwaninta a cikin hanyoyin ciwo da autism. Ko da yake bai shiga cikin binciken ba, ya gaya wa Medical Daily: “Zai yi wahala sosai a kawar da wani kuskure a cikin ɗan adam. Koyaya, sanin wane nau'in halittar da aka canza a cikin yaron da ke da Autism na iya, nan gaba, ana iya amfani da shi don kula da yaron da magungunan da aka keɓance na musamman don maye gurbinsu. Wannan binciken zai sake mayar da hankali kan masana kimiyya akan tsarin juyayi na gefe a matsayin mai yuwuwar tushen wasu alamomin Autism."

Shahararren taken