Canza yanayin Tattalin Arziƙi na iya shafar Nauyin Yara
Canza yanayin Tattalin Arziƙi na iya shafar Nauyin Yara
Anonim

(Reuters Health) - A lokacin durkushewar tattalin arziki, haɗarin yara na zama kiba ko kiba na iya tashi tare da yawan marasa aikin yi a cikin al'ummominsu, bisa ga wani bincike na baya-bayan nan game da yaran makarantar California.

Ba duk nau'ikan wahala na tattalin arziƙi ne ke da tasiri iri ɗaya ba, kodayake. Masu bincike sun gano cewa bayan faduwar tattalin arzikin Amurka a shekara ta 2007, yara a wuraren da aka killace gidajen suna son rage kiba.

"Muna yawan tunani game da yadda koma bayan tattalin arziki ke shafar manya kai tsaye (misali ayyukansu, 401k), amma waɗannan koma bayan tattalin arziki suna da ruguza tasirin da ke shafar lafiyar yara," in ji shugabar marubuci Vanessa Oddo, wata mai bincike a Makarantar Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a ta Johns Hopkins Bloomberg. Baltimore.

"Wannan binciken ya nuna cewa akwai rashin lafiya kuma mai yuwuwa na dadewa sakamakon girgizar tattalin arziki kamar Babban koma bayan tattalin arziki a kan yara," Oddo ya fadawa Lafiya ta Reuters ta imel.

Yaran da ba su da kuɗi suna iya zama masu kiba fiye da waɗanda suke daga iyalai masu girma kuma suna iya zama mafi haɗari ga matsalolin lafiya kamar ciwon sukari, a cewar Cibiyar Kula da Cututtuka da Cututtuka.

Don ganin yadda koma bayan tattalin arziki zai iya shafar haɗarin kiba na yara, ƙungiyar binciken ta duba alamun canjin tattalin arziki a California tsakanin 2008 da 2012, gami da matakan rashin aikin yi da ƙetare gidaje. Masu binciken sun kuma yi amfani da bayanai kan tsayi da nauyin yara miliyan 1.7 da suka isa makaranta daga sashen ilimi na jihar.

Matsakaicin shekarun yara a cikin binciken shine 13 kuma fiye da rabi sun kasance Latino.

Masu bincike sun kwatanta alamun tattalin arziki a matakin gundumomi da canje-canje a cikin ma'aunin jikin kowane yaro (BMI), ma'aunin nauyi dangane da tsayi. A lokacin binciken, sun ƙididdige, ga kowane kashi 1 cikin ɗari na karuwar rashin aikin yi a cikin al'umma, yara na gida sun ga karuwar kashi 14 a cikin BMI.

Tasirin rashin aikin yi akan karuwar kiba ya fi matsananci ga masu samun kudin shiga da kuma al'ummomin karkara da kuma 'yan mata, bisa ga sakamakon da aka samu a cikin Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Yaran Indiyawan Ba'amurke da ƴan Tsibirin Pasifik suma sun ga sakamako mai girman kiba mai alaƙa da rashin aikin yi.

Ga yara a cikin al'ummomin da mutane ke rasa gidajensu don ƙwace, wahala kamar yana da akasin tasiri akan nauyi. Yara sun ga raguwar kashi 3 cikin 100 cikin 100 na kasadar kiba ga kowane karuwar kashi 1 cikin 100 na ƙetare.

"Muna tunanin rashin aikin yi (sakamakon raguwar samun kudin shiga) na iya sanya 'ya'yan itatuwa da kayan marmari da sauran abinci masu inganci ba su da sauki. Wannan zai iya haifar da karuwar cin abinci mai rahusa, ingantaccen tsari (misali macaroni da cuku mai akwati),”in ji Oddo.

A lokacin koma bayan tattalin arziki, ta kara da cewa, iyalai kuma na iya kasa samun damar tura yara zuwa wasanni bayan makaranta ko wasa, kuma ana iya tilastawa al'umma rufe wuraren shakatawa ko wuraren wasa, ma'ana yara za su sami karancin damar motsa jiki.

Oddo ya ce "Kwalewa wani nau'i ne na wahala," in ji Oddo, yana mai lura da cewa iyalai da aka kora daga gidajensu za a iya tilasta musu su sayi abinci mafi mahimmanci kawai kuma suna iya rasa nauyi a sakamakon.

"Yana ƙara bayyana cewa abubuwan da ke da alaƙa da talauci, ciki har da rashin aikin yi, rashin zaman lafiya, da abinci, suna da alaka da lafiyar yara," in ji Dokta Laura Gottlieb na Jami'ar California, San Francisco, wanda ke nazarin talauci da kiba na yara amma ya kasance. ba sa hannu a cikin sabon binciken.

Gottlieb ya lura a cikin imel cewa Cibiyar Nazarin Ilimin Ilimin Yara ta Amurka akan Talauci da Lafiyar Yara ta haɓaka shawarwari ga masu tsara manufofi, gami da mahimmancin ba da kuɗin tambura abinci, abincin rana na makaranta, da shirye-shiryen abinci na rani ga yara.

talauci nauyi riba

Oddo ya ce sakamakon kiwon lafiya na koma bayan tattalin arziki na iya yin muni sosai ga yara amma akwai hanyoyin taimakawa. “A lokacin koma bayan tattalin arziki da yawa masu tsara manufofi sun so rage kashe kudade. Amma yana da mahimmanci a kiyaye hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a," in ji ta.

Shahararren taken