Takardun rigakafi na jabu sun Bar zazzabin Rawaya ya yadu a Angola
Takardun rigakafi na jabu sun Bar zazzabin Rawaya ya yadu a Angola
Anonim

Luanda (Reuters) - An samu barkewar cutar zazzabin shawara mafi muni a duniya cikin shekaru da dama da suka gabata a wata unguwa ta Angola saboda farkon wadanda suka kamu da cutar ‘yan ci-rani ne ‘yan kasar Eritriya wadanda takardun rigakafin karya suka tura likitocin kan hanyar da ba ta dace ba tsawon makonni, in ji jami’an kiwon lafiya na kasa da kasa.

Yaduwar cutar sauro ta kashe mutane 325 a Angola, ta kuma bazu har zuwa China - wacce ke da alakar kasuwanci da Angola mai arzikin man fetur - kuma ta haifar da fargabar cewa duniya ta rasa allurar rigakafi, amma mai yiwuwa hakan ya kasance. Idan an gano shi da sauri a Luanda.

Tun bayan da aka gano bullar cutar a cikin watan Janairu, ‘yan kasar Angola miliyan 10.5 – kashi 40 cikin dari na al’ummar kasar-an yi musu alluran rigakafi, kuma Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) ta yi shirin cika sauran kasashen da ke fama da yaki a karshen shekara.

Amma da aka samu rahoton bullar cutar a wannan makon na kamuwa da cutar ta hanyar sauro daga mutum guda zuwa wani a Kinshasa, wani birni mai sama da miliyan 12 a makwabciyarta Jamhuriyar Dimokaradiyyar Kwango, akwai damuwa game da karancin allurar rigakafi a duniya.

Wakilin hukumar lafiya ta Luanda Hernando Agudelo ya ce shi da kwararrun gwamnati sun yi tunanin suna fama da wata cuta mai ban mamaki lokacin da mace-mace da ba a bayyana ba ta fara bulla a km 30, wani yanki na gundumar Viana mai yaduwa a babban birnin kasar, a tsakiyar watan Disamba.

"Mutanen farko da muka same su da wannan bakon hanyar mutuwa, wannan ciwo, suna da katunan rigakafin," Agudelo ya shaida wa kamfanin dillancin labarai na Reuters. "Haɗuwar farko da ministar, muna nazarin 'Mene ne jahannama?"

Zazzaɓin rawaya ana ɗaukarsa ta sauro iri ɗaya waɗanda ke yada ƙwayoyin cuta na Zika da dengue, kodayake ya fi tsanani tare da adadin masu mutuwa kamar kashi 75 cikin ɗari a lokuta masu tsanani da ke buƙatar shigar da su asibiti.

Yanayin ya ɗauki sunansa daga launin jaundice na wasu marasa lafiya.

Yayin da cutar Ebola ta barke a yammacin Afirka, masu bincike na Angola da na WHO sun yi gaggawar ƙusa wani gidan cin abinci a kilomita 30, gida mafi girma na kasuwa na yau da kullun a cikin birni mai miliyan 7, a matsayin haɗin kai tsakanin waɗanda abin ya shafa.

Agudelo ya ce "Mun fara duba abin da ya hada su kuma sun fito daga Eritrea." "Dukansu sun wuce gidan abinci daya."

Galibin mutanen da ke tserewa daga kasar Eritriya da ke cikin kahon Afirka suna kokarin shiga Turai, ko da yake wasu kadan na tafiya zuwa wasu kasashen Afirka kamar Angola, wacce ke hana kowa shiga ba tare da takardar allurar rigakafi ba.

Lokacin da mai gidan abincin shi ma ya mutu, an aika da samfura zuwa Cibiyar Kula da Cututtuka ta Afirka ta Kudu, inda kwararrun da aka fada game da takardun rigakafin kawai sun yi gwajin zazzabin rawaya "kwatsam", in ji Agudelo.

Gidan binciken ya tabbatar da zazzabin rawaya a ranar 19 ga watan Janairu, a cewar WHO.

Amma ya zuwa wannan lokaci, barkewar cutar ta dade tun daga Viana, kuma a watan Fabrairu an sami rahoton bullar cutar a fiye da rabin larduna 18 na Angola. A watan Afrilu, wadanda suka kamu da cutar a Angola suna mutuwa a Kongo.

CHOLERA, TYPHOID, CUTA

Barkewar cutar ta kasance wani mummunan tashin hankali ga Angola, wacce a halin yanzu ita ce babbar mai samar da man fetur a Afirka, kuma, a baya-bayan nan, tana daya daga cikin abubuwan da ta sa a gaba wajen zuba jari.

Tattalin arzikin kasar ya bunkasa cikin sauri tun bayan kawo karshen yakin basasar da aka shafe shekaru 27 ana yi a shekarar 2002 yayin da aka tara biliyoyin daloli domin sake gina kasar, ko da yake ana sukar gwamnati da gaza yin irin wannan jarin a fannin ilimi da lafiya.

Alurar riga kafi na yellow fever, wanda aka fara a karshen shekarun 1980, har yanzu ya kai kashi 70 cikin 100 na al'ummar kasar, in ji Francisco Sondane, wani likita da ke kula da ayyukan UNICEF na Angola wanda ya tabbatar da asusun Agudelo na 'yan Eritrea.

A halin yanzu dai an yi allurar riga-kafin kusan daukacin fadin kasar Luanda, amma yakin neman zabe a fadin kasar ya kawo cikas ga tarin allurar rigakafin gaggawa na duniya, kuma babu wata hanya ta gaggawa ta bunkasa samar da kayayyaki.

Masu masana'anta, ciki har da Institut Pasteur, masana'antun gwamnati a Brazil da Rasha, da kuma Faransa mai sana'ar magunguna Sanofi, suna amfani da hanyar da za ta ɗauki lokaci mai yawa da ta ƙunshi ƙwai mara kyau.

Idan cutar ta kama a Kinshasa, ɗaya daga cikin manyan biranen Afirka, jami'an kiwon lafiya na iya samun ɗan zaɓi sai dai a faɗaɗa tarin allurai miliyan 6 a duniya ta hanyar yin allurai ɗaya bisa biyar.

A Luanda, jami'an kiwon lafiya suna lalata damar farko da aka rasa da kuma tsadar da aka samu a yanzu.

"Idan da muna dauke da wannan a matakin Luanda, da ba lallai ne mu kashe kudaden da muke kashewa a yanzu ba," in ji Francisco Sondane, wani likita da ke kula da ayyukan UNICEF a Angola.

Haka kuma ba zazzaɓin rawaya ba zai zama kawai gaggawar lafiyar jama'a da Angola za ta magance.

Rugujewar kudaden shigar man fetur ya durkusar da kasafin kudin gwamnati - kashi 70 cikin 100 na kudaden da ake samu daga kudaden man fetur ne - har ta kai ga dakatar da ayyukan yau da kullun kamar tarin shara a babban birnin kasar.

Tudun shara suna kwance a kan tituna, wurin da kwari ke yawo kamar kwari da beraye da kuma lokacin damina, sauro. Hanyoyi da yawa - har ma a cikin inuwar skyscrapers - reek na najasa.

Kusan mutane 3,000 ne suka mutu sakamakon kamuwa da cutar zazzabin cizon sauro a watanni ukun farko na wannan shekara, idan aka kwatanta da 8,000 a duk shekara ta 2015, kamar yadda hukumar ta WHO ta bayyana, kuma ba a warware matsalar barkewar cututtuka kamar kwalara, taifot ko annoba., Sondane ya ce.

“Hakika lamarin da datti ya yi muni sosai,” in ji shi. "Yanzu muna fama da zazzabin rawaya, amma wasu za su zo."

(Ed Cropley ne ya ruwaito)

Shahararren taken