Me yasa Har yanzu Yana da Wuya Don Hana Kashe Kai
Me yasa Har yanzu Yana da Wuya Don Hana Kashe Kai
Anonim

Kashe kansa babbar matsala ce ta kiwon lafiya - kuma yana iya zama saboda har yanzu likitocin ba su da ingantattun kayan aikin gano cutar, bisa ga sabon binciken daga Ostiraliya. Sakamakon binciken ya sa kwararrun likitocin suyi nazari kan yadda suke ware albarkatun rigakafin kashe kansa.

Ƙungiyar binciken, wanda masanin ilimin likitanci Matthew Large ya jagoranta, ya yi nazarin bayanai daga nazarin 37 da aka buga a duk faɗin duniya. Waɗannan karatun sun kalli abubuwan haɗari waɗanda suka haifar da ƙananan marasa lafiya da masu haɗari don kashe kansu. Sun gano cewa babu wata hanyar da za ta iya tabbatar da wanda zai kashe kansa - rabin duk wadanda suka kashe kansu sun faru ne a cikin marasa lafiya da ake zaton marasa lafiya ne, yayin da kashi 95 cikin 100 na masu fama da cutar ba su kashe kansu ba. Abin da ya fi haka, masu bincike sun gano rashin ci gaba a cikin daidaitaccen hasashen kashe kansa a cikin shekaru 50 da suka gabata.

"An yadu zaci cewa kula da tabin hankali da marasa lafiya za a iya shiryar da wani shafi tunanin mutum da kiwon lafiya masu sana'a ta kimanta na kunar bakin wake hadarin da kuma ta yin amfani da haƙuri halaye domin ayyana high-hadarin marasa lafiya," Manyan bayyana a cikin wani latsa saki. "Duk da haka, har yanzu ba a san amincin rarraba haɗarin kashe kansa ba."

bakin ciki

Ƙididdigar haɗarin kashe kansa ya annabta aikin kaɗan kaɗan fiye da dama mai tsabta, bisa ga binciken. Kuma hanya mafi rikitarwa ta tsinkaya, wanda ke yin la'akari da abubuwa da yawa a cikin lissafi, ba shi da wata fa'ida akan hanyoyin da ke mai da hankali kan abu ɗaya.

"Yawancin abin da ke faruwa lokacin da mai tabin hankali ya gabatar da shi a asibiti ya dogara da kimanta haɗarin kashe kansa, dangane da nau'ikan abubuwan haɗari," in ji Large. "Za a iya hana marasa lafiya masu karamin karfi magani, yayin da wasu majinyata masu hadarin gaske ke samun asibiti, wani lokacin sabanin yadda suke so, dangane da tantance hadarin da bai dace ba."

Kashe kansa shi ne na goma da ke haddasa mutuwa a Amurka, amma na biyu a tsakanin masu shekaru 15-24. Yana ɗaukar rayuka 38,000 kowace shekara. Bacin rai, wanda ke shafar kashi 20 zuwa 25 cikin 100 na Amurkawa, da kuma wasu cututtukan tabin hankali sune manyan abubuwan da ke haifar da kashe kansa, don haka likitoci suna ba da kulawa ta musamman ga wannan yawan jama'a yayin tantance haɗarin kashe kansa. Binciken na yanzu ya mayar da hankali ne kawai ga marasa lafiya na tunanin mutum, maimakon sauran al'umma. Amma ko da a cikin wannan rukunin da aka mayar da hankali, daidaito wajen tsinkayar kashe kansa matsala ce.

"Hanyar ƙididdiga mai ƙarfi kuma abin dogaro don bambance marasa lafiya da ke da haɗarin kashe kansa ya kasance mai wuyar gaske," in ji jaridar.

Shahararren taken