Bambance-bambance Tsakanin Alzheimer da Dementia
Bambance-bambance Tsakanin Alzheimer da Dementia
Anonim

Dementia da cutar Alzheimer na iya raba yawancin alamomi iri ɗaya, amma su biyun ba sunaye daban-daban bane don yanayin iri ɗaya. Ga abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da duka biyun don ku guje wa wannan kuskuren gama gari.

Dementia ciwo ne, ko rukuni na alamun da ke faruwa akai-akai tare. Ba takamaiman cuta ba ce. Ana amfani da kalmar "haushin hankali" don bayyana saitin alamomin da zasu iya haɗawa da asarar ƙwaƙwalwa, wahalar tunani, warware matsala, ko batutuwa tare da harshe. Ciwon hauka yana faruwa ne sakamakon lalacewar sel na kwakwalwa, kuma saboda cutar Alzheimer cuta ce da ke lalata kwakwalwa, yana daya daga cikin abubuwan da ke haifar da hauka.

Dementia

Kimanin kashi 50 zuwa 70 cikin 100 na duk cututtukan dementia suna haifar da Alzheimer's, Alzheimers.net ya ruwaito. Koyaya, wasu yanayi kuma na iya haifar da lalata, kamar cutar Parkinson da cutar Creutzfeldt-Jakob. Bugu da kari, cutar hauka ana kiranta da kuskure a matsayin "jinji" ko "jinkirin tsufa," wanda ke nuni da yadda a da ke yaduwa amma rashin imani cewa raguwar tunani mai tsanani al'ada ce ta tsufa.

A cewar Ƙungiyar Alzheimer, alamun cutar hauka sun bambanta sosai kuma suna iya haɗawa da abubuwa kamar matsalolin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, matsalolin sadarwa da harshe, asarar ikon mayar da hankali da kulawa, matsaloli tare da tunani da hukunci, da matsala tare da hangen nesa. Duk da haka, nau'ikan ciwon hauka daban-daban suna da alaƙa da nau'ikan lalacewar kwakwalwa.

Bugu da ƙari, kimanin kashi 10 cikin 100 na mutanen da ke fama da ciwon hauka suna da nau'i fiye da ɗaya a lokaci guda, tare da haɗin da aka fi sani da cutar Alzheimer tare da ciwon jijiyar jini, in ji Alzheimer's Society.

A cewar Ƙungiyar Alzheimer, Cutar Alzheimer wani nau'i ne na ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙwayar cuta da ke haifarwa lokacin da matakan wasu sunadarai a ciki da kuma wajen ƙwayoyin kwakwalwa suna da wuya ga ƙwayoyin kwakwalwa su kasance da lafiya da kuma sadarwa tare da juna. Wannan yana haifar da asarar alaƙa tsakanin ƙwayoyin jijiya, kuma daga ƙarshe zuwa mutuwar ƙwayoyin jijiya da asarar nama na kwakwalwa.

Anan ga babban bambanci tsakanin cutar Alzheimer da lalata - lokacin da aka gano mutum yana da cutar hauka, ana gano su ne bisa la'akari da alamun su ba tare da sanin ainihin abin da ke bayan alamun ba. A cikin cutar Alzheimer, an fahimci ainihin dalilin bayyanar cututtuka. Bugu da ƙari, cutar Alzheimer ba ta sake dawowa ba, yayin da wasu nau'o'in ciwon hauka, irin su waɗanda ke haifar da matsalolin abinci mai gina jiki ko mu'amalar magunguna, ana iya juyawa.

Shahararren taken