Tushen Haraji: Haɗari, Lada, Haraji
Tushen Haraji: Haɗari, Lada, Haraji
Anonim

Tare da yawancin Amurkawa suna goyon bayan halatta marijuana - da kuma yawan adadin jihohin da ke yin doka -- yaushe kafin tukunyar nishaɗi ta kasance a duk faɗin Amurka?

Yin marijuana halal ya kasance ƙoƙari na tushe. Taimako ya fito daga tushe, kuma dokokin gaba daya sun canza, ba a majalisar dokokin jihar ba, a rumfar zabe. Misali na baya-bayan nan shine amincewar raba gardama na zaben ranar 3 ga Nuwamba, don halatta marijuana na nishaɗi a New Jersey, Montana, Arizona da South Dakota, da kuma amfani da magani a Mississippi.

"[Masu jefa kuri'a] sun ce suna son hakan, sabanin masu tsara manufofin yin wannan shawarar," in ji Adam Levin, babban abokin tarayya a Pew Charitable Trusts, yana magana da Medical Daily.

Sanya tukunya a kan katin zaɓe dabara ce da gangan, wadda ta haifar da larura. Paul Armentano, mataimakin darektan kungiyar ta kasa ya ce "Abin da kawai muke da shi na tura wannan ra'ayin jama'a da kuma mayar da shi zuwa manufofin jama'a shine a zahiri yin wani aiki na karshe a kusa da majalisa, a kusa da 'yan majalisa, da kuma sanya wannan batu a kuri'ar jama'a," in ji Paul Armentano, mataimakin darektan kungiyar ta kasa. don Gyara Dokokin Marijuana (NORML).

Yin amfani da katin zaɓe yana da juyi, in ji Mista Armentano. "Shin akwai fa'idodin yin amfani da tsarin yunƙurin jefa ƙuri'a ta fuskar samun dokokin da kuke so? A wasu lokuta, a, akwai,”in ji shi. A wasu jahohin, wasu mutanen da ba zababbun jami’ai na da hannu a maganar dokar ba. A daya bangaren kuma, ba dukkan jihohi ne ke ba da damar daukar matakan kada kuri’a ba, wasu kuma na barin majalisa ta sake rubuta abin da zai zama doka. Wannan gauraye tsari yana nufin akwai daidaitaccen adadin bambance-bambance, daga jaha zuwa jaha, a cikin dokokin marijuana na nishaɗi.

Amfanin kudaden haraji

Kudaden haraji daga tallace-tallacen tabar wiwi ya kasance mahimmin tuƙi na halasta. A watan Janairun da ya gabata, Gwamnan Jihar New York Andrew Cuomo ya ba da shawarar halatta tabar wiwi da kuma sanya haraji a kan 20%, don faɗuwar dala miliyan 300 na jihar, in ji Bloomberg. An lalatar da cannabis a cikin New York amma har yanzu ba a halatta ba.

Dangane da inda kudaden harajin ke tafiya, "Muna ganin abubuwa da yawa daban-daban a cikin jihohi daban-daban, wani lokacin musamman ga jihar," Ulrik Boesen ya fada wa Medical Daily. Mista Boesen babban manazarcin siyasa ne tare da Gidauniyar Tax, ƙungiya mai zaman kanta mai zaman kanta.

"Colorado ya sanya wasu kuɗi a cikin ilimi. New Jersey kuma suna sanya wasu kudaden shigar da ake tsammanin su (haraji) cikin horar da 'yan sanda, don haka kadan ne a ko'ina," in ji shi.

Mista Boesen ya ce zai gwammace harajin tabar wiwi, wanda haraji ne da mai amfani da kayan ya biya kai tsaye, kamar barasa, taba da mai. Kuɗin haraji yakan tafi zuwa shirye-shirye masu alaƙa.

"Akwai wasu farashin da al'umma ke buƙatar ɗaukar lokacin da mutane ke cinye waɗannan samfuran, kuma ya dace a dawo da waɗannan kuɗin," in ji Mista Boesen. "…[Kudin] ya kamata a shiga cikin tabbatar da cewa mutane ba su shiga mota lokacin da suke cikin maye ba. Bai kamata a shiga cikin shirye-shiryen kashe kudi marasa alaka ba, kamar gina sababbin makarantu ko gina tituna ko kula da namun daji."

Ya kuma yi gargadi game da sanya ayyukan jihar su dogara da harajin tabar wiwi. Kasuwar tabar wiwi ba ta da ƙarfi, kuma idan ta yi arha, kuɗin haraji zai ragu. "Ba za ku so ku kasance cikin yanayin da wasu fifikon kashe kuɗi da ba su da alaƙa suna da isassun kudaden shiga idan isassun mutane suka sayi marijuana," in ji shi.

A Alaska, rabin kudaden haraji daga marijuana yana zuwa don rage sake dawowar masu laifi; kashi daya bisa hudu na kudaden shiga na zuwa ilimi ne. A cewar Emily Walker, mai binciken haraji tare da Sashen Kuɗi na Alaska, kuɗin ilimi yana tallafawa abubuwa kamar shirye-shiryen bayan makaranta don hana shaye-shaye a cikin matasa da kuma tallafawa ɗaliban da ke cikin haɗari.

Alaska yayi daidai da sauran jihohi. Harajin marijuana yawanci suna zuwa ga haɗakar asusu na gabaɗaya da shirye-shirye na musamman, galibi suna dogara ne akan sake maimaitawa ko ilimi game da marijuana. Har ila yau, kuɗin shiga yana samun hanyarsa zuwa ayyukan samar da ababen more rayuwa, kiyayewa, ilimi gabaɗaya da lafiyar jama'a. Daga cikin jihohin da suka halatta a wannan shekara, Montana za ta ware wasu daga cikin kudaden harajin da take samu don kiyayewa.

“Ba zai gyara wani gibi na kasafin kudi ba sakamakon barkewar cutar. Ba zai 'yantar da duk wannan ban mamaki kudaden shiga, wanda za ka iya rage harajin shiga da shi, ko abin da zai iya zama, amma yana da ma'ana kudaden shiga, "in ji Mista Boesen.

"Lokacin da kuke magana game da kasafin kuɗi na jihohi, idan aka kwatanta da manyan rafukan haraji, kamar harajin tallace-tallace ko harajin samun kudin shiga, [kudaden marijuana] ya fi haka," in ji Mista Levin. Ko da yake ba kudi mai yawa ba ne, yana iya zama abin ban sha'awa. “A koyaushe jihohi suna neman sabbin kudaden shiga. Ba za su juya hancinsu a kowane sabon hanyar samun kudaden shiga ba musamman a yanzu, a cikin annoba da koma bayan tattalin arziki."

Halatta tarayya?

A yanzu, marijuana haramun ne a matakin tarayya. Yana kan Jadawalin 1 na Dokar Kayayyakin Abubuwan da Hukumar Kula da Tilasta Magunguna ta Amurka take, jerin mafi ƙanƙanta.

Amma hakan bai hana yawancin jihohi amincewa da amfani da marijuana da ka'idojin wucewa ba.

Mutane da yawa suna kwatanta yanayin da ake ciki yanzu tare da Hani, dokar hana barasa a duk faɗin ƙasar daga 1920 zuwa 1933.

Lokacin da aka dage haramcin, jihohi 10 sun riga sun fara daidaita barasa, duk da dokar tarayya. "A yau, muna da jihohi 36 da ke tsara hanyoyin samun magani [tabar wiwi] da kuma jihohi 15 da ke tsara damar yin amfani da manya, kuma, yawancin ƙasar," in ji Mista Armentano.

Idan gwamnatin tarayya ta cire tabar wiwi a matsayin abin sarrafawa, sarrafa maganin zai tafi matakin jiha, in ji Mista Armentano. Halaccin tarayya ba zai canza kowace ƙa'idodin jihohi ba, kuma cannabis zai kasance ba bisa ƙa'ida ba a cikin waɗannan jihohin da ba su daidaita shi ba.

Halatta tarayya zai yi wani tasiri mai sarkakiya a kan jihohi, in ji Mista Boesen.

Matukar dai maganin ba bisa ka'ida ba ne, kasuwanci tsakanin jihohi haramun ne. “Don haka dole ne ku noma, sarrafa, siyarwa, da cinye samfurin a cikin jiha ɗaya. Yanzu, idan kuna da halalcin tarayya, kuna da kasuwancin tsakanin jihohi, kwatsam,”in ji shi.

Ba da daɗewa ba don sanin abin da zai faru, amma hakan na iya canzawa inda ake samun ɗanyen tabar da yadda ake sarrafa shi da sayar da shi - don haka canza yadda ake karɓar harajin jihohi.

Karmen Hansen, darektan shirye-shirye tare da Majalisar Dokokin Jihohi na kasa, wanda ke bin ka'idojin cannabis ya ce "Kwayoyin daji da yawa sun wanzu don samun damar yin hasashen ta kowace irin hanya madaidaiciya."

Tare da yuwuwar sauye-sauye a matakin tarayya, akwai kuma yiyuwar cutar da koma bayan tattalin arziki za su canza abubuwa.

"Wannan shi ne koma bayan tattalin arziki na farko da ya afku tun da kowace jiha ta halasta tabar wiwi," in ji Mista Levin. "Don haka ba a san yadda hakan zai shafi halayen masu amfani ba."

Sabrina Emms yar jarida ce ta kimiyya. Ta fara aikinta a matsayin mai horarwa a fannin kiwon lafiya da kimiyya daga gidan rediyon jama'a na Philadelphia. Kafin haka ta yi aiki a matsayin mai bincike, duba da yadda ƙasusuwa ke samuwa. Lokacin da ta fita daga dakin gwaje-gwaje kuma daga kwamfutarta, tana haskaka wata a matsayin mataimakiyar likitan dabbobi da kuma mai yin burodin jaka.

Shahararren taken