Wannan Sanann Kwayar cuta na iya zama Barazana ta gaba ga Yara, CDC ta yi gargaɗi
Wannan Sanann Kwayar cuta na iya zama Barazana ta gaba ga Yara, CDC ta yi gargaɗi
Anonim

Kwayar da ke da ita za ta iya zama barazana a duniya a tsakanin cutar ta COVID-19 da ke gudana, kuma yara ne suka fi fuskantar haɗarin kamuwa da ita. Masana sun damu cewa idan cutar ta ci gaba, barkewar cutar da take haifarwa a cikin yara na iya zama makawa.

Hatsarin Hatsarin Cutar kyanda

Cibiyar Kula da Cututtuka ta ce a cikin wata sanarwa ta kafofin watsa labarai a makon da ya gabata cewa cutar ta haifar da babban gibi a cikin shirye-shiryen rigakafin cutar kyanda. Don haka, yayin da cututtukan cutar kyanda ke raguwa sosai yayin bala'in, akwai haɗarin barkewar cutar a nan gaba yayin da ci gaban kawar da cutar kyanda shima ya ragu.

A cikin shekarar farko ta annobar, wacce ta kasance a cikin 2020, sama da jarirai miliyan 22 ne suka rasa kashi na farko na rigakafin cutar kyanda sakamakon kulle-kulle da kuma dakatar da ayyukan tattalin arziki na wucin gadi. An ce adadin ya haura miliyan 3 fiye da wanda aka samu a shekarar 2019.

Menene Cutar kyanda?

Kyandano cuta ce ta ƙuruciya da ƙwayar rubeola ke haifarwa. A baya dai cutar ta zama ruwan dare gama gari, amma allurar rigakafi ya taimaka wajen shawo kan yaduwarta har ma ya rage kamuwa da cutar a cikin yara a sassa da dama na duniya.

Cutar kyanda na iya zama mai tsanani har ma da kisa. Koyaya, adadin masu mutuwa ya ragu sosai tun lokacin da rigakafin cutar kyanda ya fara bullowa. Amma ko da an sami rahoton yawan allurar rigakafi a duk duniya a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, fiye da yara 10,000 'yan kasa da shekaru 5 har yanzu suna mutuwa kowace shekara, a cewar Mayo Clinic.

Alamu da alamun kamuwa da cuta yawanci suna fara bayyana kusan kwanaki 10 zuwa 14 bayan kamuwa da cutar. Sun haɗa da zazzabi, busassun tari, hanci mai tauri, ciwon makogwaro, kumburin fata, kurjin fata wanda ya ƙunshi manya-manya, tabo mai laushi da ƴan ƙaramin fari tare da wuraren farar bluish da ake kira spots Koplik.

Tabarbarewar Salon Cutar kyanda

Barkewar cutar ta kawo manyan canje-canje ga ayyukan yau da kullun na kowa da kowa da kuma al'umma gaba ɗaya. A bangaren kiwon lafiya, sa ido kan cututtukan kyanda ya tabarbare sosai lokacin da aka aiwatar da kulle-kullen kuma an shawarci mutane da su keɓe a gida.

Yayin da duniya ta fi mai da hankali kan halin da ake ciki na SARS-CoV-2, kasashe 26 cikin natsuwa sun yi fama da barkewar cutar kyanda wanda ya kai kashi 84% na duk cututtukan kyanda a shekarar 2020. Haɗarin samun ƙarin barkewar cutar kyanda babu shakka ya ƙaru.

"Yawancin yaran da ba a yi musu allurar rigakafi ba, barkewar cutar kyanda, da gano cututtuka da gano cutar da aka karkatar da su don tallafawa martanin COVID-19 abubuwa ne da ke ƙara yuwuwar mutuwar cutar kyanda da rikice-rikice a cikin yara," Daraktan rigakafi na duniya na CDC Kevin Cain, MD, yace.

Yawan Kamuwar Cutar kyanda a Amurka

An sanar da kawar da cutar kyanda daga Amurka a shekara ta 2000, lokacin da kasar ta karfafa shirye-shiryenta na rigakafin cutar. Duk da haka, wannan ba yana nufin cewa an daina samun bullar cutar kyanda a cikin ƙasar ba.

Cutar sankarau da bullar cutar kyanda har yanzu tana faruwa a Amurka, amma galibin masu yawon bude ido da ba a yi musu allurar rigakafi ne ke haddasa su ba wadanda ke dauke da kwayar cutar da kuma yada ta ga mutanen da ba a yi musu allurar a kasar ba. Mafi yawan lokuta da aka ruwaito a cikin 'yan shekarun nan shine a cikin 2019 lokacin da kusan mutane 1,282 suka kamu da kwayar cutar, a cewar CDC.

Sakamakon binciken da aka yi a baya-bayan nan game da barazanar barkewar cutar kyanda a duniya a cikin wannan annoba, masana sun bukaci kasashe da su karfafa shirinsu na rigakafi ga yara. Ta haka barazanar kamuwa da barkewar cutar kyanda ta ragu sosai.

"Yana da matukar muhimmanci kasashe su yi allurar rigakafin COVID-19 da sauri, amma wannan yana buƙatar sabbin albarkatu don kada ya zo da tsadar mahimman shirye-shiryen rigakafin. Dole ne a kiyaye da kuma karfafa rigakafi na yau da kullun; in ba haka ba, muna hadarin sayar da wata cuta mai kisa zuwa wani,”Ma’aikatar rigakafi, rigakafin rigakafi da halittu ta Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya, Dr. Kate O’Brien ta ce.

Shahararren taken