Bambancin COVID-19 Delta na iya kaiwa ga Maƙasudin 'Kashe Kai' A Cikin Dogon Gudu: Rahoton
Bambancin COVID-19 Delta na iya kaiwa ga Maƙasudin 'Kashe Kai' A Cikin Dogon Gudu: Rahoton
Anonim

Lokacin da bambance-bambancen delta ya zama mafi girman nau'in sabon coronavirus a cikin Amurka a cikin Yuli, masana sun yi ƙararrawa game da ikonsa na yaduwa cikin sauri idan aka kwatanta da sauran nau'ikan. A kololuwar sa, igiyar ruwa da ke tuka delta ta rubuta fiye da kararraki 127,000 a tsakiyar Satumba. Tun daga wannan lokacin, shari'o'in sun ci gaba da raguwa, amma har yanzu ba su isa kasar ta rage matakan tsaro a fuskar COVID-19 ba.

Yayin da Amurka ke ci gaba da kokawa da illar barkewar cutar, abin mamaki Japan ta lura da raguwar yawan al'amuranta na yau da kullun, wanda hakan ya sa masana suka yi imanin cewa nau'in delta ya kusa karewa a cikin kasar Asiya. Kuma dangane da abin da suka shaida ya zuwa yanzu, dalilin kamuwa da cutar kwatsam a lokuta na iya samo asali ne daga ɗayan iyawar ƙwayar cuta - maye gurbi.

Halin COVID-19 na Japan na yau

A watan Agusta, Japan tana yin rikodin kusan shari'o'i 23,000 a kowace rana a cikin guguwar delta a cikin ƙasar. Bayan watanni uku, Japan tana yin rikodin lokuta marasa mahimmanci a kowace rana. Matsakaicin adadin yau da kullun da ake ba da rahoton a cikin ƙasar ya kai 140. A Tokyo, wanda shine farkon barkewar cutar a farkon bullar cutar, an ba da rahoton bullar cutar guda 16 a ranar Juma'a, in ji New York Post.

Yayin da igiyar ruwan delta ta kai ga tsayuwar ba zato ba tsammani, masana na cikin gida sun auna abin da ka iya haifar da raguwar watsawa kwatsam. Daga cikin ra'ayoyin da ke yawo akwai ra'ayin cewa nau'in delta ya riga ya ƙare maye gurbinsa kuma yanzu ya kai matsayin da ya riga ya lalata kansa.

Ɗayan halayen gama gari na ƙwayoyin cuta shine ikonsu na canzawa ko haɓakawa. A duk lokacin da kwayar cutar ta sami kwafi, kwayoyin halittarta kuma suna bi ta hanyoyin da suka hada da "kurakurai kwafi." Bayan lokaci, hanyoyin bazuwar suna haɓaka kuma suna haifar da canje-canje a cikin kayan shafa gabaɗaya na ƙwayoyin cuta. Wadannan maye gurbi sun bambanta sosai, suna haifar da wasu nau'ikan su zama masu saurin yaduwa kuma sun fi muni. Amma akwai kuma lokuta lokacin da maye gurbi ya zama "matattu na juyin halitta," kamar yadda masana zasu so a kira su.

Gano Mai Alkawari Game da Matsayin Delta

Kungiyar masu bincike karkashin jagorancin Cibiyar Nazarin Halittar Halitta ta kasa, Mishima, Japan sun gudanar da bincike kan kwayar cutar delta. Yayin da suke mai da hankali kan enzyme ɗin da ke daidaita kuskuren da ake kira nsp14, sun gano cewa wasu canje-canjen kwayoyin halitta a cikin kwayar cutar sun haifar da tsayawa kwatsam a cikin tsarin juyin halittarta.

A cewar masu binciken, sun lura cewa a wani lokaci, bambance-bambancen delta ya yi ƙoƙari don gyara kurakurai amma ya ci gaba da maimaita kansa. Wannan a karshe ya sa kwayar cutar ta kula da mutuwar ta. Ituro Inoue, farfesa a fannin ilimin halittu a cibiyar, ya kira tsarin a matsayin "lalata kai," kuma ya ce duk sun kadu da wannan binciken.

Dangane da abin da ke faruwa a kasar a yanzu, Inoue ya shaida wa jaridar Japan Times cewa binciken nasu zai iya taimakawa wajen bayyana dalilin da ya sa adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar ya ragu kwatsam a cikin 'yan makonnin nan.

"La'akari da cewa shari'o'in ba su karuwa ba, muna tunanin cewa a wani lokaci yayin irin wannan maye gurbi ya tafi kai tsaye zuwa ga rugujewar yanayinsa," in ji shi.

Shin maye gurbi zai iya zama Amsar Matsalolin Delta?

Shugaban Jami’ar Reading’s Biomedical Sciences da Biomedical Engineering Sashen Dr. Simon Clarke ya yi irin wannan ra’ayi lokacin da aka tambaye shi ta yaya nau’in kwayar cutar za ta iya mutuwa. A wata tattaunawa da ya yi da jaridar The Sun ta Burtaniya, ya lura cewa bayan mamayar duniya, kwayar cutar za ta iya tafiya hanyar kawar da kanta da kanta.

“Cutar ta tara maye gurbi da yawa don haka ta daina yin kwafi. Idan ka kamu da kwayar cuta irin wannan, kawai ta mutu. Kamar mutumin da bai taba haihuwa ba, kwayoyin halittarsu sun tsaya, karshen hanya, "in ji Dokta Clarke.

Ko da yake binciken da masana kimiyyar Jafanawa suka yi yana da alama, Dr. Clarke ya yi gargadin cewa abin da ake kira "matattu na juyin halitta" yana faruwa ne kawai a cikin "kananan ƙarami." Hakanan yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa kamar mutane, ba kowa ba ne ke daina haihuwa.

"Har yanzu za a sami coronavirus da yawa a kusa da ke da ikon kamuwa da mutane kuma za su yi hakan har sai mun sami isasshen rigakafi ko kuma za mu iya karya sarƙoƙin watsawa," in ji Dr. Clarke.

Dangane da kasar Japan, wasu masana sun yi imanin cewa, baya ga ka'idar sauye-sauyen da ke lalata kai, babban dalilin da ya sa kararrakin da ke can suka ragu na iya kasancewa saboda yawan allurar rigakafin da ake yi a kasar. Ya zuwa ƙarshen, kashi 75% na mutanen Japan an yi musu katanga biyu akan COVID-19.

Shahararren taken