Shawarwari Kai tsaye Daga Likita na iya zama Ƙarshe na Ƙarshe Wani Yana Bukatar Yin Alurar riga kafi
Shawarwari Kai tsaye Daga Likita na iya zama Ƙarshe na Ƙarshe Wani Yana Bukatar Yin Alurar riga kafi
Anonim

Shin kun sami kanku kuna jin takaici lokacin ƙoƙarin shawo kan aboki ko memba na iyali don yin rigakafin COVID-19? Ko wataƙila kai abokinka ne ko ɗan uwa, kuma ka kosa da mutanen da suke tura ka don yin rigakafin.

Kodayake kimiyya ta fito fili cewa allurar COVID-19 tana ceton rayuka, yana iya zama da wahala a fara tattaunawa mai inganci game da rigakafin. Kuma likitoci suna fuskantar kalubale iri ɗaya, suma.

Mu masu bincike ne a Makarantar Kiwon Lafiya ta UMass Chan waɗanda suka yi ƙoƙarin magance wannan ƙalubale. Daya daga cikin mu masanin ilimin huhu ne mai mahimmanci wanda ke kan layin gaba yana aiki a sashin kulawa na COVID-19 a cikin mafi duhun kwanakin cutar. Kuma ɗayanmu ya yi nazarin ra'ayoyin marasa lafiya game da kiwon lafiya da kiwon lafiya shekaru da yawa. Don gano yadda likitoci zasu iya magana da majiyyatan su game da rigakafin, da farko muna buƙatar fahimtar abin da marasa lafiya suka damu.

Me yasa mutane suka zaɓi yin allurar (ko a'a)

A cikin Afrilu 2020, lokacin da ake ci gaba da gwajin allurar rigakafin COVID-19, mun tambayi manya 1,000 a duk faɗin Amurka game da shirinsu na rigakafin, kuma me yasa. Kusan 3 cikin 10 ba su da tabbacin ko za a yi musu rigakafin, kuma 1 cikin 10 na shirin ba za a yi musu allurar ba. Kungiyoyin biyu sun ba da dalilai iri-iri na rashin son su, ciki har da damuwa game da amincin allurar rigakafi da illolinsu, suna son jira ƙarin bayani, suna tunanin ba su da kansu cikin haɗari, da rashin amincewa da gwamnati, Cibiyoyin Kula da Cututtuka da Cututtuka, ko magungunan rigakafi.

Sannan kuma mun sake gudanar da wani bincike a watan Janairun 2021 a daidai lokacin da allurar rigakafin ta fara samuwa ga jama'a, tare da sabon samfurin kusan mutane 1,700. Dalilan rashin son rigakafin ba su canza ba tun Afrilu 2020. Dalilan da aka fi sani shine damuwa game da amincin rigakafin, saurin ci gaban rigakafin da rashin isasshen gwaji, da kuma rashin yarda da allurar COVID-19 gabaɗaya.

Bugu da kari, mun gano cewa wadanda suka yi shirin yin allurar sun san ƙarin game da watsa COVID-19, yuwuwar tasirin lafiyar cutar da tasirin rigakafin. Hakanan sun kasance sun fi dogaro da bayanai da ƙididdiga yayin yanke shawara game da lafiyarsu fiye da waɗanda ke shakkar yin rigakafin.

Likitoci na iya yin bambanci

Idan mutanen da ba sa son yin rigakafin ba su dogara ga kididdiga don yanke shawarar kiwon lafiya ba, menene suke dogara?

Juyawa likitansu yana taka rawa sosai. Yawancin bincike sun nuna cewa mutane da yawa sun dogara da shawarar likitan su wajen yanke shawara game da alluran rigakafi.

Mun gwada hanyoyi daban-daban da likitoci za su iya bi don yin magana da majiyyatan su game da rigakafin COVID-19. Duk da yake duk saƙonnin sun haɗa da maganganun cewa majiyyacin ya cancanci samun lafiyayyen rigakafi mai inganci, sun bambanta da abin da likitan ya faɗi bayan wannan bayanin.

Mun gano cewa saƙon da ya fi dacewa shi ne shawarwarin bayyane ("Ina ba da shawarar cewa ku samu") tare da batun kare wasu ("Hanyar da ta fi dacewa don kare mutanen da kuke kusa da su da kuma kiyaye su lafiya"). Kusan kashi 27% na waɗanda suka karɓi wannan saƙon sun kasance masu yuwuwar samun rigakafin.

A kwatankwacin, saƙo mafi ƙarancin inganci shine zaɓi, ko buɗewa ("To me kuke tunani?") - 13% ne kawai aka fi samun allurar rigakafi bayan samun wannan saƙon.

Lokacin da muka bibiyi mutanen da suka fara jinkiri bayan watanni shida, kusan kashi 33% tun lokacin da aka yi musu allurar. Musamman ma, daga cikin wadanda suka tattauna da likitansu kai tsaye suka ba da shawarar allurar, kashi 52% an yi musu allurar, idan aka kwatanta da kashi 11% na wadanda likitansu bai ba da shawarar maganin ba.

Dalilan yin rigakafin sun bambanta. Fiye da rabi da aka ambata suna son kare wasu. Wasu suna tsammanin za a buƙaci rigakafin, ko kuma sun damu da samun COVID-19.

Me za ku iya yi?

Samun zuciyar abin da ke motsa mutum zai iya zama muhimmin mataki na fahimtar ra'ayinsu. Waɗannan binciken na iya taimaka muku samun ingantacciyar tattaunawa tare da danginku da abokai - har ma da likitan ku.

Idan an yi muku alurar riga kafi kuma kuna neman ƙarfafa aboki ko ɗan uwa wanda ba:

  • Ba da shawarar cewa su yi magana da likitansu. Ana samun allurar rigakafin COVID-19 a ofisoshin likitoci, wanda zai sauƙaƙa yin allurar rigakafin a wani wuri da aka saba. Likitansu kuma yana iya ba da tabbacin da suke buƙata don jin daɗin samun maganin.

  • Yi magana game da kare wasu. Faɗa musu yadda yake jin daɗin taka rawa wajen rage yaduwar wata cuta mai saurin kisa.

  • Yi magana game da kare kanku. Faɗa musu yadda 'yantar da shi ke da aminci.

Idan ba a yi muku alurar riga kafi ba, amma kuna mamakin ko ya kamata ku kasance:

  • Yi magana da likitan ku. Faɗa wa likitan ku abin da ke damun ku game da yin rigakafi. Likitanku yana da na yanzu, ingantaccen bayani akan allurar COVID-19 kuma yana iya amsa tambayoyinku. Kuna iya samun allurar rigakafi yayin ziyarar ku. Idan ba haka ba, likitanku na iya ba ku bayanin inda za ku yi rigakafin.

  • Yi magana da mutanen da aka yi wa alurar riga kafi. Mutane da yawa sun ce sun firgita ko suna tsoron a yi musu rigakafin, amma da zarar sun sami harbin COVID-19, sun ji lafiya kuma sun sami nutsuwa.

  • Yi la'akari da yadda za ku ji a yanayi daban-daban. Wasu mutane ba su damu da yin dama da lafiyar su ba. Wasu na iya yin hoton yadda yake zama a asibiti na makonni ko kuma a haɗa su da injin iska, kuma ba sa son ɗaukar wannan haɗarin. Kuma kusan kowa zai ji tsoro idan suna da alhakin wanda ya damu da rashin lafiya.

Gano yadda ake yin tattaunawa mai inganci game da allurar COVID-19 na iya zama da wahala. Yin saƙo a likitan ku hanya ɗaya ce don rufe tazarar sadarwa.

Kathleen Mazor, Farfesa na Medicine, UMass Chan Medical School da Kimberly Fisher, Mataimakin Farfesa na Pulmonology, UMass Chan Medical School

Shahararren taken